What about …. #32

Light or no light; this is the question.

We’re all fascinated by those splendid starry nights, where we see ourselves as small insignificant beings looking at a vast realm of wonders. We’re aware that those shinning white dots are painted on a black background, and that is what this is all about. I’ve been wondering about the darkness of space since I can remember.  I always thought that space was dark because that was its colour, space was THE black colour. Filled with different types of electromagnetic radiation which gives us about 97% to 3% of matter. But I’ve learned lately thanks to Joseph through the RTU blog that our eyes may deceive us sometimes. As I’ve written in a previous post called “Can we catch rainbows ”, “Pure white light” or that which comes from our Sun can be split into a continuous spectrum of frequencies that range from the shortwave ultraviolet to the near infra red longer wavelengths. Our human eye can distinguish around 10 million different such frequencies, not just 7. Seven has become a common misconception adopted as reality simply for most humans convenience. We can make black colour by mixing yellow, bleu and red, even though it’s never totally black.  To make things worse, black is the colour of an object which absorbs all of the colours of visible light, for which we can  assume to be the same as no light.

Our brain shows us what our eyes detect; they are light receptors. So when there is no light, there is nothing to be received, therefore we don’t see anything. Such as when we turn off the lights and we stand in a pitch “black” room. The room hasn’t turned black when the lights went off, it’s our brain that perceived the darkness as if it was  blackness.  We may still touch the chair or the table but we’re not able to see them. The universe uses the same mechanism with a slightly difference. The universe is only dark in the sense that it is devoid of radiation that can be detected by the human eye; if it is dark to the human, it does not make it devoid of electromagnetic radiation.

Now, to answer the main question, is space dark or black ?

It is dark. Because we perceive what has no light, black. If we take a region of space full of stars, we would notice that space is filled with light and colours. Space is a place of wonders, with which we would never be fully acquainted.

But in the reality, is space really dark? If we could travel to the end of the universe, would we see a different horizon? Or is darkness/nothingness an illusion perceived only by the human eye?

What about … #28

Who haven’t seen a portion or an entire rainbow when the sun shows up after a rainfall ? Sometimes we think that we can walk underneath it.  We start walking toward it without ever getting closer – which is quite disappointing. We may say that a rainbow is a beautiful mirage happening on wet conditions. No water, no rainbow.

So what is exactly this mirage? Actually the rain water droplets act like a prisms dispersing  the sunlight into its true colors. Newton was twenty-five when he discovered that the white light of the sun is in fact a mixture of light of different colors.

If light is a mixture of 7 colors which we’re unable to see with our own naked eyes, that means that all around us is a multicolored world with much more nuances than we’re accustomed to see. I believe that the universe might not be as dark as it seems after all.

We can produce black paint by mixing equal parts of red, yellow, and blue together, that’s interesting isn’t it ? What if the night’s sky hue is in fact the product of two or three different colors combined?

Let me explain: As we know, the universe is made of particles and waves – as we are. Some of these particles are well-known and some aren’t, well I propose since there is nothing which proves the contrary, that some of these unknown particles are what give the dark hue to the heavens.


What about … #26

What intelligent being, what being capable of responding emotionally to a beautiful sight, can look at the jagged, silvery lunar crescent trembling in the azure sky, even through the weakest of telescopes, and not be struck by it in an intensely peasurable way, not feel cut off from everyday life here on Earth and transported toward that first stop on celestial journeys? What thoughtful soul look at brilliant Jupiter with its four attendant satellites, or splendid Saturn encircled by its mysterious ring, or a double star glowing scarlet and sapphire in the infinity of night, and not be filled with a sense of wonder? Yes, indeed, if humankind – from humble farmers in the fields and toilong workers in the cities to teachers, people of independent means, those who have reached th pinnacle of fame or fortune, even the most frivolous of society of women – if they knew what profound inner pleasure awaits those who gaze at the heavens, then France, nay, the whole of europe, would be covered with telescopes instead of bayonets, thereby promoting universal happiness and peace.

Camille Flammarion, 1880

French astromomer

What about … #7

We’re not quite alone in our Milky Way, we may think of ourselves as Aliens, we travel each day on our spaceship at about 721,000 km/h and 935,000 km/h depending on the day of the year as I have found in this website http://www.urban-astronomer.com/astronomy/how-fast-is-the-earth-travelling-through-space/ so between 17304000 km/day to 22440000 km/day around the Galaxy, that means that we won’t be in the same spot we were yesterday for ~250 million years, but we’re not lonely, we have stars all around us, to keep us company in this huge univers, and that’s  not all, our galaxy is traveling at about 1080000km/h so 25920000km/day.  It’s breathtaking isn’t it?

Now as we’re all aware, this isn’t the only galaxy around, we have a bunch them around, this are the closest ones:

# Galaxy Type Dist from Earth Magnitude Group


Notes Diameter (ly)
Mly Mpc M m
  1 Milky Way IR Spitzer.jpg Milky Way SBbc 0.027[2] 0.008[2] −20.8 [1] n/a Local Group Home galaxy of Earth 100,000-180,000 ly
  2 Canis Major Dwarf Irr (status as galaxy disputed) 0.025[3] 0.008 −14.5 23.3 Local Group Satellite of Milky Way(accretion by Milky Way) N/A
  3 S sgrdw1.jpg Sagittarius Dwarf SphrSagDEG dSph/E7 0.081 0.024[4] −12.67[4] 4.5[5] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way(partial accretion byMilky Way) 10,000 ly
  4 Ursa Major II Dwarf dSph 0.098 0.030 −4.2 14.3 Local Group Satellite of Milky Way(accretion by Milky Way) ~1,800 ly
  5 LH 95.jpg Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) Irr/SB(s)m 0.163 0.050[4] −17.93[4] 0.9[5] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 14,00 ly
  6 Boötes I d Sph 0.197[5] 0.060 −5.8[6] 13.1 Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
  7 Small magellanic cloud.jpg Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC, NGC 292) SB(s)m pec 0.206 0.063[4] −16.35[4] 2.7[5] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 7,000 ly
  8 Ursa Minor Dwarf dE4 0.206 0.063[4] −7.13[4] 11.9[5] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
  9 PGC 60095 Draco Dwarf Hubble WikiSky.jpg Draco Dwarf(DDO 208) dE0 pec 0.258 0.079[4] −8.74[4] 10.9[5] Local Group Satellite of Milky Waywith a large amount of dark matter ~2,700 x 1,900 ly
 10 NGC 2419 Hubble WikiSky.jpg NGC 2419 Glob Clus 0.275 0.084 −9.5/−11 ? 9.06 Brightest remote MW globular cluster 520 ly
 11 Sextans Dwarf Sph dSph 0.281 0.086[4] −7.98[4] 12[5] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 8,400 ly
 12 Sculptor Dwarf Galaxy ESO.jpg Sculptor Dwarf(E351-G30) dE3 0.287 0.088[4] −9.77[4] 10.1[5] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 13 Ursa Major I Dwarf (UMa I dSph) dSph 0.330 0.10[7] −6.75[7] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way A few thousand ly
 14 Carina Dwarf Galaxy.jpg Carina Dwarf(E206-G220) dE3 0.330 0.10[4] −8.97[7] 11.3[5] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 1,600 ly
 15 Fornax Dwarf.jpg Fornax Dwarf(E356-G04) dSPh/E2 0.46 0.14[1] −11.5[4] 9.28[1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 16 Leo II Dwarf(Leo B, DDO 93) dE0 pec 0.701[8] 0.215 −9.23[4] 12.45[1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 4,100 ly (tidal)
 17 Ugc5470.jpg Leo I Dwarf(DDO 74, UGC 5470) dE3 0.820[8] 0.25 −10.97[4] 11.18[1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 18 Leo T Dwarf G[5] 1.370 0.42[9] 16[5] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way? 2,300 ly
 19 Phoenix Dwarf Hubble WikiSky.jpg Phoenix Dwarf Galaxy (P 6830) IAm 1.44 0.44 −10.22[4] 13.07[1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 20 NGC6822.jpg Barnard’s Galaxy (NGC 6822) IB(s)m IV-V 1.630[8] 0.50 −15.22[4] 9.32[1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 7,000 ly
 21 MGC1[10] Glob Clus 2 0.615 −9.2 Local Group Isolated cluster at ~200 kpc from M31 N/A
 22 Ngc185.jpg NGC 185 dE3 pec 2.010 [11] 0.62 −14.76[4] 9.99[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda N/A
 23 Andromeda II dE0 2.130 [11] 0.65 −9.33[4] 15.10[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda N/A
 24 IC10 BVHa.jpg IC 10 (UGC 192) dIrr IV/BCD[5] 2.2 0.67 −15.57[4] 12.2[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda N/A
 25 NGC147.jpg NGC 147 (DDO 3) dE5 pec 2.200[11] 0.68 −14.9[4] 10.36[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda N/A
 26 Leo A Hubble WikiSky.jpg Leo A (Leo III, DDO 69) IBm V 2.250[8] 0.80[12] −11.68[12] 12.92 Local Group Satellite of Milky Way N/A
 27 IC1613-3.jpg IC 1613 (UGC 668) IAB(s)m V 2.350[8] 0.72 −14.51[4] 9.92[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda N/A
 28 Andromeda I Hubble WikiSky.jpg Andromeda I dE3 pec 2.430[11] 0.75 −10.87[4] 13.9[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda N/A
 29 Andromeda III dE2 2.440[11] 0.75 −9.30[4] 15.20[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda N/A
 30 Cetus Dwarf dSph/E4 2.460[11] 0.75 −10.18[4] 14.4[1] Local Group Satellite ofAndromeda[4] N/A
 31 Hs-1999-40-a-full jpg.jpg M32 (NGC 221) E2 2.480;[8] 0.76 −15.96[4] 8.73[1] Local Group Close Satellite ofAndromeda 6,500 ly
 32 Cassiopeia Dwarf (PGC 2807155) Hubble WikiSky.jpg Cassiopeia Dwarf (Cas dSph,Andromeda VII) dSph 2.490[11] 0.76 −11.67[4] 13.65[1] Local Group Satellite ofAndromeda[4] N/A
 33 Andromeda IX dE 2.500[11] 0.77 −7.5[4] Local Group Satellite ofAndromeda[4] N/A
 34 LGS 3 ubv.jpg LGS 3 dIrr/dSph 2.510[11] 0.77 −7.96[4] 16.18[1] Local Group Satellite ofTriangulum[citation needed] N/A
 35 Andromeda V dSph 2.52[11] 0.77 −8.41[4] 16.67[1] Local Group Satellite ofAndromeda[4] N/A
 36 Pegasus dSph.gif Pegasus Dwarf Sph (And VI) dSph 2.55[11] 0.78 −10.80[4] 14.05[1] Local Group Satellite ofAndromeda[4] N/A
 37 Andromeda VIII dSph[13] 2.7 0.828 −15.6 9.1 Local Group Tidally distorted dwarf close to Andromedadiscovered 2003[13] N/A
 — Andromeda Galaxy (with h-alpha).jpg Andromeda Galaxy (M31) SA(s)b 2.56[11] 0.79 −21.58[4] 4.17[1] Local Group Largest Galaxy in the Local Group, with at least 19 satellite galaxies 220,000 ly
 38 M33.jpg Triangulum Galaxy (M33) SAc 2.64 [11] 0.81 −18.87[4] 6.19[1] Local Group Most distant (difficult) naked eye object 60,000 l

Two of these will collide with the Milky Way, M31 and M33 which their real name is Andromeda and Triangulum. 

Milky Way and Andromeda are traveling toward each other at 400 000 km/h, so unfortunately we need 4 billion years for them to collide. But really it will be a splendid view!

Maybe we’ll be able to see them from heaven?  Hope so.

What about… #1

There are powerful things in the universe, far away from us, which exist for a reason. One of those beings are Black Holes. 

We all heard about those strange, terrific, black, absorbing entities, but are they real? Are they what they seem to be?

First thing first, what’s a black hole: When a supergiant stars (O type) dies, they explode into supernovas and then colapse over themselves and turn into a black hole or neutron stars. The density of this one is so dense that nothing can escape its attraction. The Suns that end likewise have between 15 and 90 times the mass of the Sun and they are between 30,000 and 1,000,000 times as luminous as the Sun.

The black holes act like whirepools, they pull everything within their reach such as planets, suns, satellites… and particles such as light. That’s why they cannot be seen, we need High Tech telescopes to detect light diffraction which help us notice that something huge is in the way.

Some theories say that black holes aren’t as we believe them to be. They’re not holes, and  they’re different from what we imagine, because we’ve never seen one. But what difference does it make, either a hole or not. The amount of gravity the hole exerts is so powerful that nothing absorbed remains as it is.

Let me explain: there is something called The Event Horizon, whatever crosses that line is doomed to be shattered, exploded, annelid before reaching the entity itself. The object inside the horizon zone is streched to the point that a ball will look like a drop (see sketch #12) nothing comes out of the horizon zone, its fate is sealed.

The light curves arriving at that limit so that the image (light) of a star will become two, in different directions.

These monsters are what keep the expansion of the universe as it is, not too fast, nor too slow (thank God).

There are a few in our Galaxy among which one is at its center, in the constelation of Sagittarius, called Sagittarius A, it’s a supermassive one, probably to keep the Milky Way in shape. There is nothing to worry about;  it is way too far to have a direct effect on our solar system.

The bottom line is that, we’re not able to know exactly what these black holes are. Some believe they may be a way to another universe, while others believe they are a way to the future or to the past…

Whatever the answer is, Black Holes are mysteries among mysteries

The Theory of Fate – Update

Not many believe in the Day of Judgment. Of course not! We’re in the 21th century, we’re so sophisticated that we prefer to believe in what we have proof or in what we think make sense. “The story of ancient times” are too old for us to think about or to still believe in.

Wrong! The Holy Scriptures are never too old. All of them warn us about that Day where we’ll be judged for our deeds. Those who believe in this Event are divided in two groups, those who believe that we’ll attain the judgment with our bodies and those who believe that it will be with our souls only.

In my opinion, souls are not made of matter, hence they shouldn’t fear to be punished as nothing can harm them, they’re spirits after all.

Bodies are made of matter, they can feel the pain or the joys, so they can be rewarded or punished.
I am of those who believe that we’ll attain the judgment with our bodies.

If you’ve read this far, it means that you’re interested. Good! So now comes the interesting part.

You may have previously read my book The Theory of Fate where I’ve given detailed explanations on what the Holy Scriptures say about that Day, in accordance with what science says. And you probably remember that Volcanoes will be the source of the Apocalypse and the Day of Judgment.

Well, I have a little update to the book, which you won’t find in it because it takes a long time to edit and upload again. I preferred to add it here.
I’ve been reading randomly one of the Holy Scriptures; the Quran. And I’ve noticed something that I haven’t seen before. These verses:

28. Woe on that Day to the deniers.
29. “Proceed to what you used to deny.”
30. “Proceed to a shadow of three columns.”
31. Offering no shade, and unavailing against the flames.
32. It shoots sparks as castles.
33. As if they were bundles of rope (or “bright yellow cooper”).
34. Woe on that Day to the falsifiers.
35. This is a Day when they will not speak.
36. And they will not be allowed to apologize.
37. Woe on that Day to the rejecters.
38. This is the Day of Separation; We have gathered you, together with the ancients.

This sentence “Proceed to a shadow of three columns.” is the answer to a question I’ve mentioned in the book; how many Super Volcanoes will be active on the Day of Judgment. The answer is: three, simple as that.

But where exacly will they be?

The hotspots are the tunnels from where the magma gets out. As the Earth’s crust is in constant move, every few millions of years the hotspots change places. For instance, the Yellowstone which is in Wyoming, will be in the Pacific Ocean.

This is the picture of Pangea Ultima (the next super continent) I’ve found online.

These are the current super volcanoes location

If we locate all the super volcanoes on this map, they will be about here:

Three of these will be enough in the Day of Judgment.

But how many will there be for the End of The World?

Only God knows when the Apocalypse will be upon us. So let’s not forget what awaits us, because when that day comes, there is no coming back.

If you want to know more about what the Holy Scriptures and Science say about the Apocalypse, you can buy the book here.

Poetry # 143 – our journey (collaboration with Nyctophile)

And another collaboration with my lovely Nyctophile. Enjoy

As the end of the day approaches
We take our journey to the place
Where everything is possible
We lay on the peaceful grassy hill
Away from worries and sorrows
Hand in hand we look at the sky
Waiting for the moment of eternity
No humans can reach out for it
But our souls can, when the lights
Come out of darkness and appears
As white dots on a black canvas
There starts our voyage into unknown
Lands of power and chaos where ecstasy
Lift our spirit high into the vast Kingdom
Where doubts dare not visit seldom
We look at the clumsy play
Of the twinkles in shades of grey
And we get lost in the wonderland
As if garden of eden has come to land
We dare to take a leap of faith
To forget the world we live beneath
You grasp my hands so tight
As if we are the ones to ignite light
To turn on the melodies of love
In a world people lives to love