Fatima

The worldwide fame of the city is permanently associated with the apparitions of the Virgin Mary reported by three little shepherds – Lúcia, Francisco and Jacinta – from May 13 until October 13 of 1917. The Catholic Church later recognized these events as “worthy of belief”. A small chapel, now known as the Chapel of the Apparitions, was built at the site of the supernatural events, and a precious statue of Our Lady of Fátima installed.

Due to the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fátima, a Marian shrine complex containing two minor basilicas, located in the wealthy quarter of Cova da Iria, the city has become in one of the most important international destinations of religious tourism, receiving between 6 and 8 million pilgrims by year. It attracts the religious people, but also those who seek a peace lifestyle usually only found in the convents and monasteries.
Fátima was said to be the name of a Moorish princess kidnapped by a knight, Gonçalo Hermigues, and his companions. Hermigues took her to a small village in the Serra de Aire hills, in the recently created Kingdom of Portugal. According to the Western Catholic narrative, Fatima fell in love with her kidnapper and decided to convert to Christianity in order to marry him (sounds familiar doesn’t it? see Lourdes) She was baptized and given a Christian name, Oureana.

Arab sources, however, claim that Fátima was forced into Christianity, as were most Reconquista captives. There is no documentary evidence to support either scenario of such a conversion.

Whatever version is true, the place name recalls the Princess’ original Arab name rather than her Christian baptismal one.

The parish was founded in 1568, when it was annexed by the Collegiate of Ourém. For centuries, most of the villagers kept herds of sheep and depended also on subsistence farming.

Since the early 20th century, Fátima has been associated with events in which three local children, Lúcia dos Santos and her cousins, Francisco and Jacinta Marto, purportedly saw visions of a woman known as Our Lady of Fátima, since believed by the Catholic Church to be the Virgin Mary. On 13 May 1917, whilst guarding their families’ sheep in the Cova da Iria, the children first claimed to have seen an apparition of a “lady dressed in white” and shining with a bright light.

Francisco died in 1919 and Jacinta in 1920, during the international Spanish flu pandemic. Lucia dos Santos became a nun and lived until 2005. The two who died young were beatified on 13 May 2000 by Pope John Paul II, and were canonised by Pope Francis on 13 May 2017, the hundredth anniversary of the first apparition. Some rumors say that the two youngest ones were killed somehow. Because they were too young to keep secrets, they might have reveled something that they shouldn’t.

The construction of the sanctuary and the steady visits by pilgrims stimulated local development. In addition to construction of a large shrine, basilica, and sanctuary, the complex includes a hotel and other facilities. The town of Fátima was elevated to the status of city on 12 July 1997.

My hometown

Today you’ll be introduced to the only town I’ve ever lived for more than a few days. I spent my 6th year here. The year I went to school. The year I lived as any other child. The year I’ve made some memorable memories.
Back then, we lived in two different places. The first one was maybe a mile or two from Figueira da Foz, in a neighbourhood called Buarcos. We had a small appartment on a 4th floor. That’s when I started going to school which was in that neighbourhood. It was a small class, maybe 20 or 30 children. Every row was for a different grade. And one teacher. An old lady who was replaced occasionally when she was sick. She was called Donna Emilia. A few months later mom and dad found another appartment which was here in Figueira, it was a big one, much brighter too and was on the 9th floor of a bigger building. Unfortunately you won’t be seeing the building neither Buarcos as I didn’t have enough time to go there. But you’ll be seeing the main town where we came to pick up the post or to the market.

The market place you’ll see at the end of the video is where mom and I came every week as there weren’t any supermarkets at the time. Outside there were widows selling roasted chestnuts. There were times mom bought some. They were hot and yummy. And then we headed home.
Yeah…. it was long ago….

That one is my neighborhood, too far for me to go there now.

According to the legend the place’s name is due to a fig tree, which stood at the quay of Salmanha, where the fishermen used to tie up their boats. The historian Nelson Borges said, however, that Figueira comes from the word “fagaria”, which means “opening, huge mouth”. Foz comes from the Latin word “fouces” = “mouth of a river”, and Mondego comes from the pre-romanic expressions “mond” = “mouth” and “aec”= “river”. That means, Figueira da Foz would be “the river’s mouth opening”. Some historical traces show that people were settling in this region since the Neolithic age. The oldest known document, however, dates from the year 1096.

Knowing the great importance rivers had in the development of cities and of ancient civilizations, the mouth of the Mondego must have played a central role for the fixation of men in this region and for the formation of settlements, which were the beginning of the city of Figueira da Foz.

It had a huge development during the 18th and 19th centuries due to the immense port movements and the expansion of the shipbuilding and cod drying industry, supplying the city with new communication routes, housing and other facilities. It was elevated to vila (small town) on 12 March 1771 and turned city (cidade) on 20 September 1882. Discovered as a sea resort by the end of the 19th century, it gained great reputation in the 1920s and 1930s. The city had the Portuguese nickname of Rainha das Praias (Queen of the Beaches).

The municipality has some noted landmarks like the Sotto Mayor Palace, the old fishing village of Buarcos, the Serra da Boa Viagem – a small forested mountain by the Atlantic Ocean, and a long beach!

I’d like to tag

richa https://wp.me/p9eJg8-12D
Pia majumdar https://wp.me/p8JTtz-zh
Jane ridgewood. https://wp.me/p7UTiD-7w
thought forchange https://wp.me/p9GjMZ-4H
Crazywriter https://wp.me/p3hbpa-8A
bitchin’ in the kitchen https://wp.me/p9Bhvg-4s
she https://wp.me/p9CNvz-1v
Monahttp://Pseudomonaz.wordpress.com
Goldie
shreya jindal liveoutcrazy.wordpress.com
Earthwalker https://wp.me/p9yYYQ-6P
debadrita https://theveliledfacet.wordpress.com
Lisemorepaper.com
Artyplantsman.wordpress.com
Deb (beingauntdebbie.com)
Aquibview https://wp.me/p7MN1c-kn

Crushedcaramel

Uzma

Kristian
soiba
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Ortensia72.com
mainpaperpusher.wordpress.com
Mel Gutiér (fictioninmyhead.com)
B. Aphorisms Myaphorisms.com
Fiery Song silentlysmoulderingwords.wordpress.com

if you want to write a post about your hometown feel free.

Beauty in the World #1

We can find beauticians all over the world. But the treatments and prices vary, depending on where you are. It’s for sure that the northern countries don’t look for the same treatment as the southern ones.

So every once in a while I’ll be posting about a different country, how does the people look like, how much it costs to he treated, what do the clients want,etc…

Portugal is latin country but quite different from their neighbor; Spain. Some clichés are still in use here and there, such as the Portuguese women are all janitors while the men worked in masonry. In fact only the old generation from the 70′ and 80′ were like that. Now women and men are like everywhere else.
Now speaking about the difference between the Spanish and the Portuguese. I would say that the Portuguese are very unlucky due to their country’s location. It is the farthest country of Europe, they don’t have a wide variety of neighbors to mix their culture with. So it is very normal to see the old people standing in the middle of the street to look at you if you look and dress differently.
Yes…. it’s very annoying to be looked at as if you were coming from another planet.
They don’t use as much makeup as the Spanish do, they don’t dress elegantly as their neighbors do either. Yet the new generation is the only image of modernity that can be seen by foreign eyes.

Lots of beauticians can be found across the country, and it is not always easy to take an appointment for the same day due to their tight schedule.
Having spoken to a few, I’ve been told that most of their clients are people of middle age, wanting more body treatments rather than facial ones, such as anti-celullite, hair removal, manicure, etc… Various prices are to be found, for instance you’re about to pay 30-40 Euros per facial session and 460 Euros for 4-6 body sessions in a private cabinet, while you can pay 168 Euros for 5-6 facial sessions and 198 Euros for 5-6 body sessions at a pharmacy’s beauty institute such as Wells. They surely don’t use the same products neither the same tools, but they try to achieve the same thing.

For deeper skin care, such as wrinkles, acne, brown spots….the dermatologist is the option.

I agree with the first beautician that I spoke with, who told me that the best treatment is “the prevention”. Smoking, Drinking and Stress is what aggravate our health.

The younger people take care of their shape and beauty at home, using all the beauty products available on the market, while the old people don’t really care.

Beauty is part of every culture but used in different ways, the Portuguese focus more on the hygiene rather than the looks. As every epoch has its fancies, the cosmetic addiction is slowly rising as the young people merge their souls in the world of internet.