What about … #35

We find in various Holy Scriptures verses that Earth and the sky have been created in 6 days, which is of course inconceivable. But if the Holy Scriptures say so, there must be a reason. The only way to find out is to look for proofs which is what we’ll be looking for today.

The Book of Genesis, which is the first book of the Bible, starts with the creation of the world. The Hebrew meaning of “Genesis” is the Book of Beginnings. This is because many new beginnings are recorded in Genesis. There are seven periods of creation recorded. Although each of these has been translated as a “day”, the Hebrew word is “yom” which simply means a period of time with a beginning and an ending. It is unlikely to be a solar day since the sun, moon and stars do not appear until the fourth “day”.

Genesis 1:1-31 & 2:1-3:

1 When God began to create[a] the heavens and the earth— 2 the earth was without shape or form, it was dark over the deep sea, and God’s wind swept over the waters— 3 God said, “Let there be light.” And so light appeared. 4 God saw how good the light was. God separated the light from the darkness. 5 God named the light Day and the darkness Night.

There was evening and there was morning: the first day.

6 God said, “Let there be a dome in the middle of the waters to separate the waters from each other.” 7 God made the dome and separated the waters under the dome from the waters above the dome. And it happened in that way. 8 God named the dome Sky.

There was evening and there was morning: the second day.

9 God said, “Let the waters under the sky come together into one place so that the dry land can appear.” And that’s what happened. 10 God named the dry land Earth, and he named the gathered waters Seas. God saw how good it was. 11 God said, “Let the earth grow plant life: plants yielding seeds and fruit trees bearing fruit with seeds inside it, each according to its kind throughout the earth.” And that’s what happened. 12 The earth produced plant life: plants yielding seeds, each according to its kind, and trees bearing fruit with seeds inside it, each according to its kind. God saw how good it was.

13 There was evening and there was morning: the third day.

14 God said, “Let there be lights in the dome of the sky to separate the day from the night. They will mark events, sacred seasons, days, and years. 15 They will be lights in the dome of the sky to shine on the earth.” And that’s what happened. 16 God made the stars and two great lights: the larger light to rule over the day and the smaller light to rule over the night. 17 God put them in the dome of the sky to shine on the earth, 18 to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. God saw how good it was.

19 There was evening and there was morning: the fourth day.

20 God said, “Let the waters swarm with living things, and let birds fly above the earth up in the dome of the sky.” 21 God created the great sea animals and all the tiny living things that swarm in the waters, each according to its kind, and all the winged birds, each according to its kind. God saw how good it was. 22 Then God blessed them: “Be fertile and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let the birds multiply on the earth.”

23 There was evening and there was morning: the fifth day.

24 God said, “Let the earth produce every kind of living thing: livestock, crawling things, and wildlife.” And that’s what happened. 25 God made every kind of wildlife, every kind of livestock, and every kind of creature that crawls on the ground. God saw how good it was. 26 Then God said, “Let us make humanity in our image to resemble us so that they may take charge of the fish of the sea, the birds in the sky, the livestock, all the earth, and all the crawling things on earth.”

27 God created humanity in God’s own image, in the divine image God created them,[b] male and female God created them.
28 God blessed them and said to them, “Be fertile and multiply; fill the earth and master it. Take charge of the fish of the sea, the birds in the sky, and everything crawling on the ground.” 29 Then God said, “I now give to you all the plants on the earth that yield seeds and all the trees whose fruit produces its seeds within it. These will be your food. 30 To all wildlife, to all the birds in the sky, and to everything crawling on the ground—to everything that breathes—I give all the green grasses for food.” And that’s what happened. 31 God saw everything he had made: it was supremely good.

There was evening and there was morning: the sixth day.

2 The heavens and the earth and all who live in them were completed. 2 On the sixth [a] day God completed all the work that he had done, and on the seventh day God rested from all the work that he had done. 3 God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it God rested from all the work of creation.[b] 4 This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created.

Exodus 20:11 — For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day.

In the Quran:

7.54 Your Lord is God; He who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then established Himself on the Throne. The night overtakes the day, as it pursues it persistently; and the sun, and the moon, and the stars are subservient by His command. His is the creation, and His is the command. Blessed is God, Lord of all beings.

10.3 Your Lord is God, who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then settled over the Throne, governing all things. There is no intercessor except after His permission. Such is God, your Lord—so serve Him. Will you not reflect?

11.7 It is He who created the heavens and the earth in six days—and His Throne was upon the waters—in order to test you—which of you is best in conduct. And if you were to say, “You will be resurrected after death,” those who disbelieve would say, “This is nothing but plain witchcraft.”

25.59 He who created the heavens and the earth and everything between them in six days, then settled on the Throne. The Most Merciful. Ask about Him a well-informed.

32.4 God is He who created the heavens and the earth and everything between them in six days, and then established Himself on the Throne. Apart from Him, you have no master and no intercessor. Will you not reflect?

41.9-12 Say, “Do you reject the One who created the earth in two days? And you attribute equals to Him? That is the Lord of the Universe.”
He placed mountains over it; and blessed it; and planned its provisions in four days equal, for all those who ask.
Then He turned to the sky, and it was smoke, and said to it and to the earth, “Come, willingly or unwillingly.” They said, “We come willingly.”
So He completed them as seven heavens in two days, and He assigned to each heaven its affair. And We decorated the lower heaven with lamps (stars), and for protection. That is the design of the Almighty, the All-Knowing.

50.38 We created the heavens and the earth and what is between them in six days, and no fatigue touched Us.

57.4 It is He who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then settled over the Throne. He knows what penetrates into the earth, and what comes out of it, and what descends from the sky, and what ascends to it. And He is with you wherever you may be. God is Seeing of everything you do.

The Arabic word for “day” is “youm” which simply means a period of time as well. Now, it is clear that the word day doesn’t mean actually 24h. If we’re searching for the amount of time which this day is about, we need to search it in Earth’s history.

Geologists divided Earth’s history in period of time called either Eons, Era, Age….
So here is a small description of periods in million years. which are called Eon:

Hadean 4,540–4,000 The Earth is formed out of debris around the solar protoplanetary disk. There is no life. Temperatures are extremely hot, with frequent volcanic activity and hellish environments. The atmosphere is nebular. Possible early oceans or bodies of liquid water. The moon is formed around this time, probably due to a protoplanet’s collision into Earth.

Archean 4,000–2,500 Prokaryote life, the first form of life, emerges at the very beginning of this eon, in a process known as abiogenesis. The continents of Ur, Vaalbara and Kenorland may have been formed around this time. The atmosphere is composed of volcanic and greenhouse gases.

Proterozoic 2,500–541 Eukaryotes, a more complex form of life, emerge, including some forms of multicellular organisms. Bacteria began producing oxygen, shaping the third and current of Earth’s atmospheres. Plants, later animals and possibly earlier forms of fungi form around this time. The early and late phases of this eon may have undergone “Snowball Earth” periods, in which all of the planet suffered below-zero temperatures. The early continents of Columbia, Rodinia and Pannotia may have formed around this time, in that order.

Phanerozoic 541–present Complex life, including vertebrates, began to dominate the Earth’s ocean in a process known as the Cambrian explosion. Pangaea forms and later dissolves into Laurasia and Gondwana. Gradually, life expanded to land and all familiar forms of plants, animals and fungi began appearing, including annelids, insects and reptiles. Several mass extinctions occur, among which birds, the descendants of dinosaurs, and more recently mammals emerge. The rise and evolution of the human species occur at the very recent phases of this eon.

The Archean Eon 4,000 to 2,500 million years ago (4 to 2.5 billion years), is one of the two most important Eon for our reasearch. During the Archean, the Earth’s crust had cooled enough to allow the formation of continents.

The Archean atmosphere is thought to have nearly lacked free oxygen. Astronomers think that the Sun had about 70–75 percent of the present luminosity, yet temperatures on Earth appear to have been near modern levels after only 500 Ma of Earth’s formation. The presence of liquid water is evidenced by certain highly deformed gneisses produced by metamorphism of sedimentary protoliths. The moderate temperatures may reflect the presence of greater amounts of greenhouse gases than later in the Earth’s history.

By the end of the Archaean c. 2500 Ma (million years ago), plate tectonic activity may have been similar to that of the modern Earth. There are well-preserved sedimentary basins, and evidence of volcanic arcs, intracontinental rifts, continent-continent collisions and widespread globe-spanning orogenic events suggesting the assembly and destruction of one and perhaps several supercontinents. Liquid water was prevalent, and deep oceanic basins are known to have existed attested by the presence of banded iron formations, chert beds, chemical sediments and pillow basalts.

The Proterozoic extended from 2500 Ma to 541 Ma (million years ago), is a geological eon representing the time just before the proliferation of complex life on Earth. It is subdivided into three geologic eras (from oldest to youngest): the Paleoproterozoic, Mesoproterozoic, and Neoproterozoic.

The well-identified events of this eon were the transition to an oxygenated atmosphere during the Paleoproterozoic; several glaciations, which produced the hypothesized Snowball Earth during the Cryogenian Period in the late Neoproterozoic Era; and the Ediacaran Period (635 to 541 Ma) which is characterized by the evolution of abundant soft-bodied multicellular organisms and provides us with the first obvious fossil evidence of life on earth.

The Proterozoic Eon was a very tectonically active period in the Earth’s history. The late Archean Eon to Early Proterozoic Eon corresponds to a period of increasing crustal recycling, suggesting subduction. It is believed that 43% of modern continental crust was formed in the Proterozoic, 39% formed in the Archean, and only 18% in the Phanerozoic.

During the Paleoproterozoic era the earliest global-scale continent-continent collisional belts developed.
These continent and mountain building events are represented by the 2.1–2.0 Ga Transamazonian and Eburnean Orogens in South America and West Africa; the ~2.0 Ga Limpopo Belt in southern Africa; the 1.9–1.8 Ga Trans-Hudson, Penokean, Taltson–Thelon, Wopmay, Ungava and Torngat orogens in North America, the 1.9–1.8 Ga Nagssugtoqidain Orogen in Greenland; the 1.9–1.8 Ga Kola–Karelia, Svecofennian, Volhyn-Central Russian, and Pachelma Orogens in Baltica (Eastern Europe); the 1.9–1.8 Ga Akitkan Orogen in Siberia; the ~1.95 Ga Khondalite Belt and ~1.85 Ga Trans-North China Orogen in North China.
These continental collisional belts are interpreted as having resulted from 2.0–1.8 Ga global-scale collisional events that led to the assembly of a Paleo-Mesoproterozoic supercontinent named Columbia or Nuna.

The Mesoproterozoic Era is a geologic era that occurred from 1,600 to 1,000 million years ago. The Mesoproterozoic was the first period of Earth’s history of which a respectable geological record survives. Continents existed in the Paleoproterozoic, but we know little about them. It is noteworthy that the continental masses of the Mesoproterozoic are more or less the same ones that are with us today.
It was an Era of apparently critical, but still poorly understood, changes in the chemistry of the sea, the sediments of the earth, and the composition of the air. Oxygen levels had risen to perhaps 1% of today’s levels at the beginning of the era and continued rising throughout the Era.

I would recommend to read more about these periods on Wikipedia for more details.

The first atmosphere would have consisted of gases in the solar nebula, primarily hydrogen. In addition, there would probably have been simple hydrides such as those now found in the gas giants (Jupiter and Saturn), notably water vapor, methane and ammonia. As the solar nebula dissipated, these gases would have escaped, partly driven off by the solar wind.

The second atmosphere, outgassing from volcanism, supplemented by gases produced during the late heavy bombardment of Earth by huge asteroids, produced the next atmosphere, consisting largely of nitrogen plus carbon dioxide and inert gases.

The third atmosphere: Free oxygen did not exist in the atmosphere until about 2.4 billion years ago during the Great Oxygenation Event and its appearance is indicated by the end of the banded iron formations. Before this time, any oxygen produced by photosynthesis was consumed by oxidation of reduced materials, notably iron. Molecules of free oxygen did not start to accumulate in the atmosphere until the rate of production of oxygen began to exceed the availability of reducing materials. This point signifies a shift from a reducing atmosphere to an oxidizing atmosphere. O2 showed major variations until reaching a steady state of more than 15% by the end of the Precambrian. The following time span from 541 million years ago to the present day is the Phanerozoic Eon, during the earliest period of which, the Cambrian, oxygen-requiring metazoan life forms began to appear. The amount of oxygen in the atmosphere has fluctuated over the last 600 million years, reaching a peak of about 30% around 280 million years ago, significantly higher than today’s 21%.

So far we were able to put a date on the most important geological events needed for our study.
Earth’s formation began 4.5 billion years ago,
by 2.5 bya the tectonic plates,
continents existed ~ 2-1.85 bya,
~ 1.6 bya the atmosphere started to have oxygen
by 600 mya the atmosphere was filled 40% with it. Personally I find that marvelous!

Let me explain, the Holy Scriptures tells us that God created Earth and the sky in 6 days, 4 for earth and 2 for the sky.
So ~ 2-1.85 bya continents existed which means that earth needed 2.7 billion years to have a fully developed land mass. Then to turn its atmosphere suitable for life earth needed about 1 billion year. That means that each day for the land formation was 600-700 million years and the sky was about 500 million years.
That’s it, it’s so wonderful to know that 6 days aren’t exactly “6”, after all God knows best.

The Theory of Fate – Update

Not many believe in the Day of Judgment. Of course not! We’re in the 21th century, we’re so sophisticated that we prefer to believe in what we have proof or in what we think make sense. “The story of ancient times” are too old for us to think about or to still believe in.

Wrong! The Holy Scriptures are never too old. All of them warn us about that Day where we’ll be judged for our deeds. Those who believe in this Event are divided in two groups, those who believe that we’ll attain the judgment with our bodies and those who believe that it will be with our souls only.

In my opinion, souls are not made of matter, hence they shouldn’t fear to be punished as nothing can harm them, they’re spirits after all.

Bodies are made of matter, they can feel the pain or the joys, so they can be rewarded or punished.
I am of those who believe that we’ll attain the judgment with our bodies.

If you’ve read this far, it means that you’re interested. Good! So now comes the interesting part.

You may have previously read my book The Theory of Fate where I’ve given detailed explanations on what the Holy Scriptures say about that Day, in accordance with what science says. And you probably remember that Volcanoes will be the source of the Apocalypse and the Day of Judgment.

Well, I have a little update to the book, which you won’t find in it because it takes a long time to edit and upload again. I preferred to add it here.
I’ve been reading randomly one of the Holy Scriptures; the Quran. And I’ve noticed something that I haven’t seen before. These verses:

28. Woe on that Day to the deniers.
29. “Proceed to what you used to deny.”
30. “Proceed to a shadow of three columns.”
31. Offering no shade, and unavailing against the flames.
32. It shoots sparks as castles.
33. As if they were bundles of rope (or “bright yellow cooper”).
34. Woe on that Day to the falsifiers.
35. This is a Day when they will not speak.
36. And they will not be allowed to apologize.
37. Woe on that Day to the rejecters.
38. This is the Day of Separation; We have gathered you, together with the ancients.

This sentence “Proceed to a shadow of three columns.” is the answer to a question I’ve mentioned in the book; how many Super Volcanoes will be active on the Day of Judgment. The answer is: three, simple as that.

But where exacly will they be?

The hotspots are the tunnels from where the magma gets out. As the Earth’s crust is in constant move, every few millions of years the hotspots change places. For instance, the Yellowstone which is in Wyoming, will be in the Pacific Ocean.

This is the picture of Pangea Ultima (the next super continent) I’ve found online.

These are the current super volcanoes location

If we locate all the super volcanoes on this map, they will be about here:

Three of these will be enough in the Day of Judgment.

But how many will there be for the End of The World?

Only God knows when the Apocalypse will be upon us. So let’s not forget what awaits us, because when that day comes, there is no coming back.

If you want to know more about what the Holy Scriptures and Science say about the Apocalypse, you can buy the book here.

The Theory of Fate – Chapter 5/part 9

It will be only a single decree
The day when the horn will be blown and we shall gather them together while they will have turned blue on that day and will be whispering among themselves: you did not remain (in the graves) more than ten (days).

And (remember) the day when the heaven shall be rent asunder with clouds, and the angels shall be sent down, with a grand descending.

And when the trumpet is sounded, that day it will be a distressful day

And listen, the day when the caller will call from a place nearby

Surely the day of decision is an appointed time a day when the trumpet will be blown, and you will come in large groups and the heaven shall be opened, and it will become as gates and the mountains shall be moved away from their places and they will be as if they were a mirage

They wait only but a single shout which will size them while they are disputing then they will not be able to make bequest nor they will return to their family and the trumpet will be blown (2nd blow) and behold from the Graves they will come out quickly to their Lord

How will you do then, if you disbelieve, guard yourselves against a day which will turn the children’s hair grey
When the order will come the horn will be blown,  but the thing is that at first I thought that this loud sound would come from the supervolcano but a lot worst than the Krakatoe volcano did. But then I changed my mind when I read this verse And listen, the day when the caller will call from a place nearby. This verse is speaking of a creature who calls. It will be such a loud sound that it will be able to kill all of us instantly they will not be able to make bequest nor they will return to their family. Actually it is normal that a really loud sound kills someone:

Can sound kill you? The short answer is “yes” — and, rather shockingly, the European Space Agency says that it now has such a sonic weapon in its arsenal that, if it was so inclined, could kill you. For the long answer, read on.

The question is, is 154 decibels enough to kill you? In all honesty, probably not — unless, perhaps, you were stuck with your head inside the horn for a prolonged period. 150 decibels is usually considered enough to burst your eardrums, but the threshold for death is usually pegged at around 185-200 dB. A passenger car driving by at 25 feet is about 60 dB, being next to a jackhammer or lawn mower is around 100 dB, a nearby chainsaw is 120 dB. Generally, 150 dB (eardrum rupture) is only achieved if you stand really close to a jet aircraft during take-off or you’re near an explosive blast.

 If you actually wanted to intentionally kill someone with a sonic weapon, there isn’t a whole lot of research on how you would actually go about doing it. The general consensus is that a loud enough sound could cause an air embolism in your lungs, which then travels to your heart and kills you. Alternatively, your lungs might simply burst from the increased air pressure. (Acoustic energy is just waves of varying sound pressure; the higher the energy, the higher the pressure, the louder the sound.) In some cases, where there’s some kind of underlying physical weakness, loud sounds might cause a seizure or heart attack — but there’s very little evidence to suggest this.

 Perhaps more significantly, though, it’s important to note that a sonic weapon doesn’t have to be lethal or incredibly loud to be effective. High-intensity ultrasonic sound (generally anything above 20KHz) can cause physical damage. Some very low frequencies (infrasound) can apparently cause your eyeballs to vibrate, making it very hard to see. Targeted “sonic bullets” that cause localized pain (or simply burst your eardrums) is probably enough to immobilize most non-action-hero humans.

 When the heaven shall be opened and becomes as gates, that’s not something we can see with our present eyes. There are two things which might turn the childrens’s hair grey. Either the sun’s Uv’s or the volcanes ashes. 


Tomorrow as you might know is “Around a cup Of Tea” but there will also be the Conclusion of The Theory Of Fate

The Theory of Fate – Chapter 3/part 1

​”Light will disappear from the stars in the sky; the dawning sun will turn dark, and the moon will lose its glow. “

Many verses speak of the darkening sun and the light less moon and the disappearing stars in the sky, but is that the real understanding? 

Our sun is 4.5 billion years old and he’s not ready to die yet, he still have a long life to live. He will grow brighter and brighter in the next billion years till he won’t have any more hydrogen to burn. In the meantime 10% increase in the sun’s brightness in the next billion year, will mark the beginning of the evaporation of our oceans. As the oceans evaporate, more and more water will be present in the atmosphere, this will act as a greenhouse gas, trapping even more heat and causing more and more of the oceans to evaporate, until the ground is mostly dry and the atmosphere holds the water, but at an extremely high temperature. So it seems likely that we have no more than a billion years left for life to thrive on our planet. About 7.6 billion years from now, the sun will reach its maximum size as a red giant: its surface will extend beyond Earth’s orbit today by 20 percent and will shine 3,000 times brighter. In its final stage, he would be 256 times bigger than he is now before collapsing into a white dwarf. 

 Stars are born and die every day in our galaxy while their light reaches us long after their present state. So most of the stars we see today won’t exist anymore by the time our sun turns into a red giant. If we look toward the galactic bulge we’ll see a whole area of newly formed stars, that’s why it’s so bright. Now if we turn toward the other side it won’t be as much because all of them are old. 

We take knowledge of our satellite since our childhood, we know how it orbits earth, and we know how eclipses are formed. Some are called solar eclipses and some lunar eclipses. Total solar eclipse forms when the moon comes between the sun and earth, total lunar eclipse happens when the Earth moves in between the Sun and the Moon. As we know the Moon does not have any light of its own – it shines because its surface reflects sunlight. During a total lunar eclipse, Earth moves between the Sun and the Moon and cuts off the Moon’s light supply. When this happens, the surface of the Moon takes on a reddish glow instead of going completely dark. The red color of a totally eclipsed Moon is referred as Blood Moons. So why the red color? It is due to the phenomenon called Rayleigh scattering. It is the same mechanism responsible for causing colorful sunrises and sunsets and the sky to look blue. We all know that even though sunlight may look white to human eyes, it is actually composed of different colors. These colors are visible through a prism or in a rainbow. Colors towards the red spectrum have longer wavelengths and lower frequencies compared to colors towards the violet spectrum which have shorter wavelengths and higher frequencies, it’s why the red color is more scattered than the blue at dawn and sunrise. You may also see sometimes a reddish moon at sundown for the same reason. 
“There was a great earthquake, and the sun became black as sackcloth, the full moon became like blood, and the stars of the sky fell to the earth as the fig tree sheds its winter fruit when shaken by a gale. The sky vanished like a scroll that is being rolled up, and every mountain and island was removed from its place.”

Earthquakes are measured by the Richter scale, each magnitude is a hundred times stronger than the previous one. An earthquake is the perceptible shaking of the surface of the Earth, which can be violent enough to destroy major buildings and kill thousands of people. The severity of the shaking can range from barely felt to violent enough to toss people around. Earthquakes (EQ) have destroyed whole cities. They result from the sudden release of energy in the Earth’s crust that creates seismic waves.
EQ are measured using observations from seismometers. The largest in historic times have been of magnitude slightly over 9, although there is no limit to the possible magnitude, the strongest recorded in history was In 1960, Valdivia, Chile with a magnitude of 9.5. If there was one of magnitude 12 even though it doesn’t seems likely, it won’t be enough to remove every mountain on earth, because the EQ happens in one place with one epicenter that couldn’t affect the five continents neither their mountains which are strongly welded in the tectonic plates. 

We all know what stars are. A star is a luminous sphere of plasma held together by its own gravity, and our sun is one of them. Other stars are visible from Earth during the night, appearing as a multitude of fixed luminous points in the sky due to their immense distance from Earth. Historically, the most prominent stars were grouped into constellations and asterisms, and the brightest stars gained proper names.
For at least a portion of its life, a star shines due to thermonuclear fusion of hydrogen into helium in its core, releasing energy that traverses the star’s interior and then radiates into outer space. Stars are classified by their spectra (the elements that they absorb) and their temperature. There are seven main types of stars. In order of decreasing temperature, O, B, A, F, G, K, and M. 

O and B stars are uncommon but very bright; M stars are common but dim. so obviously we can’t believe that real stars will Fall on earth can we?

There’s another kind of “star”, the shooting star which scientifically is called meteoroid. A small rocky or metallic body travelling through space. Meteoroids are significantly smaller than asteroids, and range in size from small grains to 1 meter-wide objects. Objects smaller than this are classified as micrometeoroids or space dust. Most are fragments from comets or asteroids.

 When a meteoroid, comet or asteroid enters the Earth’s atmosphere at a speed typically in excess of 20 km/s (72,000 km/h), aerodynamic heating of that object produces a streak of light, both from the glowing object and the trail of glowing particles that it leaves in its wake. This phenomenon is called a meteor or “shooting star”. A series of many meteors appearing seconds or minutes apart, and appearing to originate from the same fixed point in the sky, is called a meteor shower. If that object withstands ablation from its passage through the atmosphere as a meteor and impacts with the ground, it is then called a meteorite.

 So it’s best to think that this verse speaks of shooting stars. 

It is difficult to imagine the sky rolling like a scroll, I thought at first that it might be the sky we see at night the Milky way which is a spiral galaxy, but it will never be possible for us to see it’s face – so to speak – because we’re on one of its arms. Then I thought of the end of the universe which have three theories: 

The first is a closed universe which will end by a big crunch. In a closed universe lacking the repulsive effect of dark energy, gravity eventually stops the expansion of the universe, after which it starts to contract until all matter in the universe collapses to a point, a final singularity termed the “Big Crunch”, the opposite of the Big Bang. So it wouldn’t roll anything. 

The second is the open universe even without dark energy, a negatively curved universe expands forever, with gravity negligibly slowing the rate of expansion. With dark energy, the expansion not only continues but accelerates. The ultimate fate of an open universe is either universal heat death, the “Big Freeze”, or the “Big Rip”, where the acceleration caused by dark energy eventually becomes so strong that it completely overwhelms the effects of the gravitational, electromagnetic and strong binding forces. Nothing to roll either.

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