What about … #40

Looking at the sky in a moonless night, seeing the Milky Way’s belt and these tiny shining stars; I believe it’s the most beautiful scenery we can wish for. It’s really breathtaking. I wish I could be among the first who will go to Mars, to look at the sky from a different planet, to touch a soil which has never been touched, to feel the sun from a further point in the universe. But of course it’s just a wish.

The universe is getting bigger and bigger each second, each minute, everything is moving either slower or faster, it seems that everything is going somewhere for a specific reason. practically we’re mere travelers of a spaceship. But it “happens” that our spaceship is fitted to sustain life.

Let’s see it this way: Where do we come from? Multiple answers might be answered, but the most reasonable one is from Adam and Eve as it is said in God’s books, which we all know that they lived in heaven before being sent down here.

Ta-Ha 20:

117. We said, “O Adam, this is an enemy to you and to your wife. So do not let him make you leave the Garden, for then you will suffer.

118. In it you will never go hungry, nor be naked.

119. Nor will you be thirsty in it, nor will you swelter.”

120. But Satan whispered to him. He said, “O Adam, shall I show you the Tree of Immortality, and a kingdom that never decays?”

121. And so they ate from it; whereupon their bodies became visible to them, and they started covering themselves with the leaves of the Garden. Thus Adam disobeyed his Lord, and fell.

122. But then his Lord recalled him, and pardoned him, and guided him.

123. He said, “Go down from it, altogether; some of you enemies of some others. But whenever guidance comes to you from Me, whoever follows My guidance, will not go astray, nor suffer.

124. But whoever turns away from My Reminder, for him is a confined life. And We will raise him on the Day of Resurrection blind.”

So thinking from the beginning, we are heavenly people who were sent to a suitable environment to live before going back to our original place (I’m speaking literally not  religiously such as who will go to heaven or hell). So If we are renting earth for a period of time, that means that we are Aliens living in a place which isn’t ours, but we’re making of it our property. That reminds me of an article I read lately in:

 

Bubbles of the Multiverse

 

the chain reaction of events that allowed life to come about on this planet is remarkable, as are the things we have achieved. However I do believe we occupy an unimaginably small place in the universe, a universe which contains billions of other Earth-like planets – perhaps we often forget this and as such overestimate our uniqueness.

 

All there is left to say is the Multiverse Theory, based on eternal inflation, leaves us feeling all that much tinier than before. We may no longer be just one tiny planet in a galaxy with thousands of planets, in a universe with billions of other galaxies – we could now be merely a bubble of a universe in a sea of many other bubbles. I hope this leaves you with the feeling that mankind is not special as it believes itself to be – we just happened to exist in a smidgen that allowed our particular form of consciousness to exist and with the lack of competition reaching our tiny corner we proclaim ourselves remarkable.

 

I really enjoyed reading these two quotes, some of us proclaim to be superior to others just because they have, they achieved, they acquired  something that others don’t have, so they lack of competition as well! How foolish to we would be if we were visited by super intelligent Aliens (they don’t have to be bad to be Alliens). There is a book called The visitors by Clifford Simak which gives a good example of what Aliens might be. Personally I think that Earth would have been better ruled if we had Aliens instead of politicians to rule us.

So are we Human beings living on Earth or Aliens?

What about … #35

We find in various Holy Scriptures verses that Earth and the sky have been created in 6 days, which is of course inconceivable. But if the Holy Scriptures say so, there must be a reason. The only way to find out is to look for proofs which is what we’ll be looking for today.

The Book of Genesis, which is the first book of the Bible, starts with the creation of the world. The Hebrew meaning of “Genesis” is the Book of Beginnings. This is because many new beginnings are recorded in Genesis. There are seven periods of creation recorded. Although each of these has been translated as a “day”, the Hebrew word is “yom” which simply means a period of time with a beginning and an ending. It is unlikely to be a solar day since the sun, moon and stars do not appear until the fourth “day”.

Genesis 1:1-31 & 2:1-3:

1 When God began to create[a] the heavens and the earth— 2 the earth was without shape or form, it was dark over the deep sea, and God’s wind swept over the waters— 3 God said, “Let there be light.” And so light appeared. 4 God saw how good the light was. God separated the light from the darkness. 5 God named the light Day and the darkness Night.

There was evening and there was morning: the first day.

6 God said, “Let there be a dome in the middle of the waters to separate the waters from each other.” 7 God made the dome and separated the waters under the dome from the waters above the dome. And it happened in that way. 8 God named the dome Sky.

There was evening and there was morning: the second day.

9 God said, “Let the waters under the sky come together into one place so that the dry land can appear.” And that’s what happened. 10 God named the dry land Earth, and he named the gathered waters Seas. God saw how good it was. 11 God said, “Let the earth grow plant life: plants yielding seeds and fruit trees bearing fruit with seeds inside it, each according to its kind throughout the earth.” And that’s what happened. 12 The earth produced plant life: plants yielding seeds, each according to its kind, and trees bearing fruit with seeds inside it, each according to its kind. God saw how good it was.

13 There was evening and there was morning: the third day.

14 God said, “Let there be lights in the dome of the sky to separate the day from the night. They will mark events, sacred seasons, days, and years. 15 They will be lights in the dome of the sky to shine on the earth.” And that’s what happened. 16 God made the stars and two great lights: the larger light to rule over the day and the smaller light to rule over the night. 17 God put them in the dome of the sky to shine on the earth, 18 to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. God saw how good it was.

19 There was evening and there was morning: the fourth day.

20 God said, “Let the waters swarm with living things, and let birds fly above the earth up in the dome of the sky.” 21 God created the great sea animals and all the tiny living things that swarm in the waters, each according to its kind, and all the winged birds, each according to its kind. God saw how good it was. 22 Then God blessed them: “Be fertile and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let the birds multiply on the earth.”

23 There was evening and there was morning: the fifth day.

24 God said, “Let the earth produce every kind of living thing: livestock, crawling things, and wildlife.” And that’s what happened. 25 God made every kind of wildlife, every kind of livestock, and every kind of creature that crawls on the ground. God saw how good it was. 26 Then God said, “Let us make humanity in our image to resemble us so that they may take charge of the fish of the sea, the birds in the sky, the livestock, all the earth, and all the crawling things on earth.”

27 God created humanity in God’s own image, in the divine image God created them,[b] male and female God created them.
28 God blessed them and said to them, “Be fertile and multiply; fill the earth and master it. Take charge of the fish of the sea, the birds in the sky, and everything crawling on the ground.” 29 Then God said, “I now give to you all the plants on the earth that yield seeds and all the trees whose fruit produces its seeds within it. These will be your food. 30 To all wildlife, to all the birds in the sky, and to everything crawling on the ground—to everything that breathes—I give all the green grasses for food.” And that’s what happened. 31 God saw everything he had made: it was supremely good.

There was evening and there was morning: the sixth day.

2 The heavens and the earth and all who live in them were completed. 2 On the sixth [a] day God completed all the work that he had done, and on the seventh day God rested from all the work that he had done. 3 God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it God rested from all the work of creation.[b] 4 This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created.

Exodus 20:11 — For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day.

In the Quran:

7.54 Your Lord is God; He who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then established Himself on the Throne. The night overtakes the day, as it pursues it persistently; and the sun, and the moon, and the stars are subservient by His command. His is the creation, and His is the command. Blessed is God, Lord of all beings.

10.3 Your Lord is God, who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then settled over the Throne, governing all things. There is no intercessor except after His permission. Such is God, your Lord—so serve Him. Will you not reflect?

11.7 It is He who created the heavens and the earth in six days—and His Throne was upon the waters—in order to test you—which of you is best in conduct. And if you were to say, “You will be resurrected after death,” those who disbelieve would say, “This is nothing but plain witchcraft.”

25.59 He who created the heavens and the earth and everything between them in six days, then settled on the Throne. The Most Merciful. Ask about Him a well-informed.

32.4 God is He who created the heavens and the earth and everything between them in six days, and then established Himself on the Throne. Apart from Him, you have no master and no intercessor. Will you not reflect?

41.9-12 Say, “Do you reject the One who created the earth in two days? And you attribute equals to Him? That is the Lord of the Universe.”
He placed mountains over it; and blessed it; and planned its provisions in four days equal, for all those who ask.
Then He turned to the sky, and it was smoke, and said to it and to the earth, “Come, willingly or unwillingly.” They said, “We come willingly.”
So He completed them as seven heavens in two days, and He assigned to each heaven its affair. And We decorated the lower heaven with lamps (stars), and for protection. That is the design of the Almighty, the All-Knowing.

50.38 We created the heavens and the earth and what is between them in six days, and no fatigue touched Us.

57.4 It is He who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then settled over the Throne. He knows what penetrates into the earth, and what comes out of it, and what descends from the sky, and what ascends to it. And He is with you wherever you may be. God is Seeing of everything you do.

The Arabic word for “day” is “youm” which simply means a period of time as well. Now, it is clear that the word day doesn’t mean actually 24h. If we’re searching for the amount of time which this day is about, we need to search it in Earth’s history.

Geologists divided Earth’s history in period of time called either Eons, Era, Age….
So here is a small description of periods in million years. which are called Eon:

Hadean 4,540–4,000 The Earth is formed out of debris around the solar protoplanetary disk. There is no life. Temperatures are extremely hot, with frequent volcanic activity and hellish environments. The atmosphere is nebular. Possible early oceans or bodies of liquid water. The moon is formed around this time, probably due to a protoplanet’s collision into Earth.

Archean 4,000–2,500 Prokaryote life, the first form of life, emerges at the very beginning of this eon, in a process known as abiogenesis. The continents of Ur, Vaalbara and Kenorland may have been formed around this time. The atmosphere is composed of volcanic and greenhouse gases.

Proterozoic 2,500–541 Eukaryotes, a more complex form of life, emerge, including some forms of multicellular organisms. Bacteria began producing oxygen, shaping the third and current of Earth’s atmospheres. Plants, later animals and possibly earlier forms of fungi form around this time. The early and late phases of this eon may have undergone “Snowball Earth” periods, in which all of the planet suffered below-zero temperatures. The early continents of Columbia, Rodinia and Pannotia may have formed around this time, in that order.

Phanerozoic 541–present Complex life, including vertebrates, began to dominate the Earth’s ocean in a process known as the Cambrian explosion. Pangaea forms and later dissolves into Laurasia and Gondwana. Gradually, life expanded to land and all familiar forms of plants, animals and fungi began appearing, including annelids, insects and reptiles. Several mass extinctions occur, among which birds, the descendants of dinosaurs, and more recently mammals emerge. The rise and evolution of the human species occur at the very recent phases of this eon.

The Archean Eon 4,000 to 2,500 million years ago (4 to 2.5 billion years), is one of the two most important Eon for our reasearch. During the Archean, the Earth’s crust had cooled enough to allow the formation of continents.

The Archean atmosphere is thought to have nearly lacked free oxygen. Astronomers think that the Sun had about 70–75 percent of the present luminosity, yet temperatures on Earth appear to have been near modern levels after only 500 Ma of Earth’s formation. The presence of liquid water is evidenced by certain highly deformed gneisses produced by metamorphism of sedimentary protoliths. The moderate temperatures may reflect the presence of greater amounts of greenhouse gases than later in the Earth’s history.

By the end of the Archaean c. 2500 Ma (million years ago), plate tectonic activity may have been similar to that of the modern Earth. There are well-preserved sedimentary basins, and evidence of volcanic arcs, intracontinental rifts, continent-continent collisions and widespread globe-spanning orogenic events suggesting the assembly and destruction of one and perhaps several supercontinents. Liquid water was prevalent, and deep oceanic basins are known to have existed attested by the presence of banded iron formations, chert beds, chemical sediments and pillow basalts.

The Proterozoic extended from 2500 Ma to 541 Ma (million years ago), is a geological eon representing the time just before the proliferation of complex life on Earth. It is subdivided into three geologic eras (from oldest to youngest): the Paleoproterozoic, Mesoproterozoic, and Neoproterozoic.

The well-identified events of this eon were the transition to an oxygenated atmosphere during the Paleoproterozoic; several glaciations, which produced the hypothesized Snowball Earth during the Cryogenian Period in the late Neoproterozoic Era; and the Ediacaran Period (635 to 541 Ma) which is characterized by the evolution of abundant soft-bodied multicellular organisms and provides us with the first obvious fossil evidence of life on earth.

The Proterozoic Eon was a very tectonically active period in the Earth’s history. The late Archean Eon to Early Proterozoic Eon corresponds to a period of increasing crustal recycling, suggesting subduction. It is believed that 43% of modern continental crust was formed in the Proterozoic, 39% formed in the Archean, and only 18% in the Phanerozoic.

During the Paleoproterozoic era the earliest global-scale continent-continent collisional belts developed.
These continent and mountain building events are represented by the 2.1–2.0 Ga Transamazonian and Eburnean Orogens in South America and West Africa; the ~2.0 Ga Limpopo Belt in southern Africa; the 1.9–1.8 Ga Trans-Hudson, Penokean, Taltson–Thelon, Wopmay, Ungava and Torngat orogens in North America, the 1.9–1.8 Ga Nagssugtoqidain Orogen in Greenland; the 1.9–1.8 Ga Kola–Karelia, Svecofennian, Volhyn-Central Russian, and Pachelma Orogens in Baltica (Eastern Europe); the 1.9–1.8 Ga Akitkan Orogen in Siberia; the ~1.95 Ga Khondalite Belt and ~1.85 Ga Trans-North China Orogen in North China.
These continental collisional belts are interpreted as having resulted from 2.0–1.8 Ga global-scale collisional events that led to the assembly of a Paleo-Mesoproterozoic supercontinent named Columbia or Nuna.

The Mesoproterozoic Era is a geologic era that occurred from 1,600 to 1,000 million years ago. The Mesoproterozoic was the first period of Earth’s history of which a respectable geological record survives. Continents existed in the Paleoproterozoic, but we know little about them. It is noteworthy that the continental masses of the Mesoproterozoic are more or less the same ones that are with us today.
It was an Era of apparently critical, but still poorly understood, changes in the chemistry of the sea, the sediments of the earth, and the composition of the air. Oxygen levels had risen to perhaps 1% of today’s levels at the beginning of the era and continued rising throughout the Era.

I would recommend to read more about these periods on Wikipedia for more details.

The first atmosphere would have consisted of gases in the solar nebula, primarily hydrogen. In addition, there would probably have been simple hydrides such as those now found in the gas giants (Jupiter and Saturn), notably water vapor, methane and ammonia. As the solar nebula dissipated, these gases would have escaped, partly driven off by the solar wind.

The second atmosphere, outgassing from volcanism, supplemented by gases produced during the late heavy bombardment of Earth by huge asteroids, produced the next atmosphere, consisting largely of nitrogen plus carbon dioxide and inert gases.

The third atmosphere: Free oxygen did not exist in the atmosphere until about 2.4 billion years ago during the Great Oxygenation Event and its appearance is indicated by the end of the banded iron formations. Before this time, any oxygen produced by photosynthesis was consumed by oxidation of reduced materials, notably iron. Molecules of free oxygen did not start to accumulate in the atmosphere until the rate of production of oxygen began to exceed the availability of reducing materials. This point signifies a shift from a reducing atmosphere to an oxidizing atmosphere. O2 showed major variations until reaching a steady state of more than 15% by the end of the Precambrian. The following time span from 541 million years ago to the present day is the Phanerozoic Eon, during the earliest period of which, the Cambrian, oxygen-requiring metazoan life forms began to appear. The amount of oxygen in the atmosphere has fluctuated over the last 600 million years, reaching a peak of about 30% around 280 million years ago, significantly higher than today’s 21%.

So far we were able to put a date on the most important geological events needed for our study.
Earth’s formation began 4.5 billion years ago,
by 2.5 bya the tectonic plates,
continents existed ~ 2-1.85 bya,
~ 1.6 bya the atmosphere started to have oxygen
by 600 mya the atmosphere was filled 40% with it. Personally I find that marvelous!

Let me explain, the Holy Scriptures tells us that God created Earth and the sky in 6 days, 4 for earth and 2 for the sky.
So ~ 2-1.85 bya continents existed which means that earth needed 2.7 billion years to have a fully developed land mass. Then to turn its atmosphere suitable for life earth needed about 1 billion year. That means that each day for the land formation was 600-700 million years and the sky was about 500 million years.
That’s it, it’s so wonderful to know that 6 days aren’t exactly “6”, after all God knows best.

The story of Adam

Here comes another story found in the Bible and the Quran


Genesis 2:7-25
The Lord God formed the man from the soil of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being.
The Lord God planted an orchard in the east, in Eden; and there he placed the man he had formed.
The Lord God made all kinds of trees grow from the soil, every tree that was pleasing to look at and good for food. (Now the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil were in the middle of the orchard.)
Now a river flows from Eden to water the orchard, and from there it divides into four headstreams.
The name of the first is Pishon; it runs through the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold.
(The gold of that land is pure; pearls and lapis lazuli are also there).
The name of the second river is Gihon; it runs through the entire land of Cush.
The name of the third river is Tigris; it runs along the east side of Assyria. The fourth river is the Euphrates.
The Lord God took the man and placed him in the orchard in Eden to care for it and to maintain it.
Then the Lord God commanded the man, “You may freely eat fruit from every tree of the orchard,
but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from it you will surely die.”
The Lord God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a companion for him who corresponds to him.”
The Lord God formed out of the ground every living animal of the field and every bird of the air. He brought them to the man to see what he would name them, and whatever the man called each living creature, that was its name.
So the man named all the animals, the birds of the air, and the living creatures of the field, but for Adam no companion who corresponded to him was found.
So the Lord God caused the man to fall into a deep sleep, and while he was asleep, he took part of the man’s side and closed up the place with flesh.
Then the Lord God made a woman from the part he had taken out of the man, and he brought her to the man.
Then the man said, “This one at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; this one will be called ‘woman,’ for she was taken out of man.”
That is why a man leaves his father and mother and unites with his wife, and they become a new family.
The man and his wife were both naked, but they were not ashamed.
Genesis 3:1-24
Now the serpent was more shrewd than any of the wild animals that the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, “Is it really true that God said, ‘You must not eat from any tree of the orchard’?”
The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat of the fruit from the trees of the orchard;
but concerning the fruit of the tree that is in the middle of the orchard God said, ‘You must not eat from it, and you must not touch it, or else you will die.’”
The serpent said to the woman, “Surely you will not die,
for God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will open and you will be like divine beings who know good and evil.”
When the woman saw that the tree produced fruit that was good for food, was attractive to the eye, and was desirable for making one wise, she took some of its fruit and ate it. She also gave some of it to her husband who was with her, and he ate it.
Then the eyes of both of them opened, and they knew they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves.
Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God moving about in the orchard at the breezy time of the day, and they hid from the Lord God among the trees of the orchard.
But the Lord God called to the man and said to him, “Where are you?”
The man replied, “I heard you moving about in the orchard, and I was afraid because I was naked, so I hid.”
And the Lord God said, “Who told you that you were naked? Did you eat from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?”
The man said, “The woman whom you gave me, she gave me some fruit from the tree and I ate it.”
So the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” And the woman replied, “The serpent tricked me, and I ate.”
The Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you above all the wild beasts and all the living creatures of the field! On your belly you will crawl and dust you will eat all the days of your life.
And I will put hostility between you and the woman and between your offspring and her offspring; her offspring will attack your head, and you will attack her offspring’s heel.”
To the woman he said, “I will greatly increase your labor pains; with pain you will give birth to children. You will want to control your husband, but he will dominate you.”
But to Adam he said, “Because you obeyed your wife and ate from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat from it,’ cursed is the ground thanks to you; in painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life.
It will produce thorns and thistles for you, but you will eat the grain of the field.
By the sweat of your brow you will eat food until you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you will return.”
The man named his wife Eve, because she was the mother of all the living.
The Lord God made garments from skin for Adam and his wife, and clothed them.
And the Lord God said, “Now that the man has become like one of us, knowing good and evil, he must not be allowed to stretch out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever.”
So the Lord God expelled him from the orchard in Eden to cultivate the ground from which he had been taken.
When he drove the man out, he placed on the eastern side of the orchard in Eden angelic sentries who used the flame of a whirling sword to guard the way to the tree of life.

2 The Cow 29-39
It is He who created for you everything
on earth, then turned to the heaven, and made them seven heavens. And He is aware of all things.
When your Lord said to the angels, “I am placing a successor on earth.” They said, “Will You place in it someone who will cause corruption in it and shed blood, while we declare Your praises and sanctify You?” He said, “I know what you do not know.”
And He taught Adam the names, all of them; then he presented them to the angels, and said, “Tell Me the names of these if you are sincere.”
They said, “Glory be to You! We have no knowledge except what You have taught us. It is you who are the Knowledgeable, the Wise.”
He said, “O Adam, tell them their names.” And when he told them their names, He said, “Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of the heavens and the earth, and that I know what you reveal and what you conceal?”
And We said to the angels, “Bow down to Adam.” They bowed down, except for Satan. He refused, was arrogant, and was one of the disbelievers.
We said, “O Adam, inhabit the Garden, you and your spouse, and eat from it freely as you please, but do not approach this tree, lest you become wrongdoers.”
But Satan caused them to slip from it, and caused them to depart the state they were in. We said, “Go down, some of you enemies of one another. And you will have residence on earth, and enjoyment for a while.”
Then Adam received words from his Lord, so He relented towards him. He is the Relenting, the Merciful.
We said, “Go down from it, all of you.
Yet whenever guidance comes to you from Me, then whoever follows My guidance— they have nothing to fear, nor shall they grieve.
But as for those who disbelieve and reject Our signs—these are the inmates of the Fire—wherein they will remain forever.”

7 the elevations 19-26

And you, Adam, inhabit the Garden, you and your wife, and eat whatever you wish, but do not approach this tree, lest you become sinners.”
But Satan whispered to them, to reveal to them their nakedness, which was invisible to them. He said, “Your Lord has only forbidden you this tree, lest you become angels, or become immortals.”
And he swore to them, “I am a sincere advisor to you.”
So he lured them with deceit. And when they tasted the tree, their nakedness became evident to them, and they began covering themselves with the leaves of the Garden. And their Lord called out to them, “Did I not forbid you from this tree, and say to you that Satan is a sworn enemy to you?”
They said, “Our Lord, we have done wrong to ourselves. Unless You forgive us, and have mercy on us, we will be among the losers.”
He said, “Fall, some of you enemies to one another. On earth you will have residence and livelihood for a while.”
He said, “Therein you will live, and therein you will die, and from it you will be brought out.”
O children of Adam! We have provided you with clothing to cover your bodies, and for luxury. But the clothing of piety
that is best. These are some of God’s revelations, so that they may take heed.

What about… #29 

Today’s post isn’t really about books, but I have to start by speaking about one that I’ve just finished. The latest novel by Dan Brown; Origin.

I have to say that I was a little disappointed. The book’s topic (about which I’ll speak further) isn’t the problem but having read all of his novels, I find this one a remake of Inferno or The Da Vinci Code or even The Lost Symbol. Robert Langdon; which is the main Charater of most of Brown’s stories, fleeing a danger with a women to try to resolve an enigma.

Usually there is something innovative which makes every book a new story, such as in “Inferno” Robert Langdon, lost his memory and was shot. In “The Da Vinci Code” everything was unexpected. In “The Lost Symbol” Robert Langdon was unexpectedly called to a meeting place to find just a severed hand waiting for him. But this one looks like a bit of every past books, Robert Langdon is in the same kind of trouble he was in every other book! Nothing unexpected.

What I DID like about this book is that it speaks a lot about art, history and science.

Now the main topic of this book is the Origin of men and its future. An atheist scientist called Kirsch made a phenomenal dicovery which cost him his life before he can share it with the world. Robert Langdon and a woman called Vidal must do the impossible to broadcast the discovery even though they are threatened to be killed by someone who wishes to stop them spreading the news, that the creation can exist without a God.

Kirsch as a believer in the Darwinian theory (but not entirely satisfied as Darwin didn’t explain how life arrived on earth in the first place) made his own reasearch.

The idea is that Life can create itself with the right ingredients and conditions; it’s a paradox when we’re aware that the univese is a world of Entropy or should we say Chaos. Let me give you some details:

We build a castle of sand by the sea, when a wave hits the castle it disorganize the sand castle into scattered grains: no more castle.

Things are irreversible, when you put a hot mug of coffee on the table, it gets cold. The coffee never magically reheat itself.

Entropy is just a fancy way of saying that things fall apart. An organized system, inevitably deteriorates. Sand castles never spontaneously appear in the universe, they only disappear.

So Kirsch enhanced a technique used in 1953 by two scientists Muller & Urey who tried to recreate the Primordial Soup, trying to create life within a flask of non living chemicals.

Chemists after them tried repeatedly using different combination of ingredients, different heath patterns but nothing worked.

But what is a Premordial Soup? After duplicating the chemicals that existed in the early oceans and atmosphere – water, methane, ammonia, and hydrogen – Muller and Urey heated all of this to simulate the boiling seas. Then they shocked it with electric charges to mimic lightning and they finally let the mixture cool just as the planet’s oceans had cooled. Of course that didn’t work. So in addition to this, Kirsch added electromagnetism to a 64 year old flask belonging to Muller and Urey and that’s it; he created Primitive organism.

According to him the Premordial Soup needed electromagnetism to put chaos in order, to create life. Therefore, if life simply happened as an inevitable by product of the laws of nature we have to conclude that because life spontaneously appeared here on earth, it almost certainly did the same thing elsewhere in the cosmos. Meaning man is not unique and man is not alone in the universe.

My first reaction was the same as Robert’s in the book: if the laws of nature can actually create life, then who created the laws?

We don’t need life to happen by product of the laws to believe that other lives exists in the cosmos. Who didn’t wonder what’s up there, gazing at the night’s sky?

Those billions of stars and what’s in between, hold such mysteries that we’re unable to provide all the answers needed to cease to be amazed at what we look at. The sky (universe) is an unfriendly place for any earthly living creature, and the “luck” as some atheists would say, has put us in the perfect planet that sustains life in all sense. But of course among the multitude of different stars, it is unthinkable that we’re the only living beings in such a vast creation. What’s out there is so far that we’re not (yet) able to reach out for them. After all…. after seeing all those Alien movies saying that they are monsters wanting to destroy us in any possible way….. I’m not sure that they are so far from us for no reason. In reality, I believe that we have our own issues here, for land, for beliefs, for ethnicity… can you imagine if we had Aliens as well to negotiate with? We’re not mature enough to handle something smarter, stronger and maybe taller than us. We’re still savages fighting among ourselves, what’s out there are other creations either more peaceful or more rebellious and either of these, we’re no match for it.

Some people don’t believe in extraterrestrial life, why not?

The universe is big enough for all of us, and surely what is beyond our knowledge is far more real and powerful than what we’re aware of. We don’t need to go into other galaxies to search for life, our own has 200 to 400 billion of stars. Can you put a percentage on how many of these are such as ours? Let’s say 1%, that gives us 2-4 billion of possibilities where a developed form of life exists.

Next time you look at the skies, be sure that somewhere out there, another form of life is gazing at the same stars you’re looking at. We’re not alone, we share the same universe, the same questions, the same Creator.

If I were interested in the origin of men, among all the books available I would read this one, which is very interesting and surprising.

What about … #4

Who hasn’t heard of Rodinia and Pangea? 

According to plate tectonic reconstructions, the supercontinent Rodinia existed between 1.1 billion and 750 million years ago, in the Neoproterozoic Era. Rodinia has entered popular consciousness as one of the two great supercontinents of earth history.

Pangea existed during the late Paleozoic and early Mesozoic eras. It assembled from earlier continental units approximately 300 Ma, and it began to break apart about 200 Ma. It was the last supercontinent to have existed and the first to be reconstructed by geologists.

Over the 100 milion years Pangea existed, many species had fruitful times whereas others struggled. Permian–Triassic (P–Tr) extinction event marked the supercontinent history, colloquially known as the Great Dying occurred about 252 Ma (million years) ago, forming the boundary between the Permian and Triassic geologic periods.

The Jurassic world had its own history and  its own glory days if we believe the story of the movie Ice Age. Some of us regret the fact that we didn’t live with those kind dinosaurs and those huge innocent mammoths in a lovely green earth, but God knew that we wouldn’t be able to co-op with the OTHERS. So we have to be thankful that we are able to know the past and to enjoy this “peaceful” earth.

The downfall

What would you say if someone told you that we’re sharing Earth with another form of life which is not part of the animal kingdom?

What would you say if I told you that we’re not the only living beings having knowledge on Earth?

How would you respond if I told you that you are being watched even if you’re alone?

No, I’m not going to speak about science fiction. I’m going to talk about a realm that existed and still exists on Earth well before Adam.

Some of you believe in ghosts, some don’t. Personally I don’t believe in “ghosts” as they’re intended to be. But I believe very much in an entity that might have known the person which was to be called “ghost”.

Hence this entity if willing, might very easily take the place of this deceased person for instance and makes us believe that he is that person’s spirit. Or just be a malevolent spirit if he wishes to.

This is just an example of course. I never witnessed a ghost and I’m not willing to meet one either.

I’ve made some research on this weird paranormal being who shares our world. I haven’t found any explanation on the scientific domain but I’ve found some on the Holy Scriptures.

This being who is not perceived by any of our 5 senses, neither by any sophisticated machines, has a few names and has a multitude of images according to the people’s imagination.

Spirt, demon, devil, ghost, Jinn…. Unfortunately as not being made of matter, it cannot be proven existent. We can only believe in this entity by trusting the word of God and by our own experience of the evil on this world.

Now, what I’m about to describe is what I’ve found on the 3 Holy Scriptures and my personal thoughts on the topic.

Let’s start from the beginning, shall we?

God created the Angels made of light. We can easily see that on movies talking about angels, they always end up by showing light somewhere in the movie. They’re not made of matter/particles hence they don’t have a gender yet some people expect of them to be females or babies.

God created another species which was originally pious and obedient like the angels made from smokless fire. Among them was lucifer/the devil. We can easily see the devil in most movies made of fire or turning into fire at the end. This species on the contrary can have ofsprings and can die. Nothing is said about their life’s span though. One thing for sure, the devil isn’t dead yet.

And finally Us, the humans made of clay. Apparently we have the shortest life span.

God says in the Quran:
I did not create the jinn and the humans except to worship Me.
I need no livelihood from them, nor do I need them to feed Me.
Those who do wrong will have their turn, like the turn of their counterparts, so let them not rush Me.
God is the Provider, the One with Power, the Strong

When God decided to creat the humans, He said to the angels, “I am creating a human being, from clay, from molded mud. When I have formed him, and breathed into him of My spirit, fall down prostrating before him.”
So the angels prostrated themselves, all together. Except for Satan. He refused to be among those who prostrated themselves.
God said, “O Satan, what kept you from being among those who prostrated themselves?”
He said, “I am not about to prostrate myself before a human being, whom You created from clay, from molded mud.”
God said, “Then get out of here, for you are an outcast. And the curse will be upon you until the Day of Judgment.”

As you can see, the devil isn’t a fallen angel, he never was. As angels are made of light and the devil made of fire. Angels were obedient while he wasn’t. Unfortunately for his species, lots followed his example:

God said to the angels, “Bow down to Adam.” So they bowed down, except for Satan. He was of the jinn, and he defied the command of his Lord. Will you take him and his offspring as lords instead of Me, when they are an enemy to you? Evil is the exchange for the wrongdoers.

Yes, we can find in the Quran that the devil is part of the Jinn ethnic group (if I may say so). It seems that he produced the downfall of his own kind as he did for ours.

And not all Jinns are bad either. Will tell you about it in a minute, but first let me explain how some people describe Jinns.

I’m sure that the first thought that comes to your mind is Aladin, right? You rub the lamp 3 times and hop! The jinn comes out asking you to make 3 wishes.

I like that Jinn. When I was small I tried to rub a lamp and see if one would come out, unfortunately he didn’t.
In the reality jinns can’t be seen or heard, they share our world (maybe in another dimension) they have the ability to see us, hear us and even tempt us. Hard to believe? Not so if you believe in God.

The word Jinn refers to any object that cannot be detected by human sensory organs, including Angels and Demons. Thus every Demon and every Angel is also a jinn, but not every Jinn is an Angel or a Demon. Jinns are related to heavenly beings, who is able to sin and created from fire, unlike their light-created counterpart.

The chapter 72 in the Quran speaks about them or maybe for them. As they can have faith too. The chapter starts like this:
Say, “It was revealed to me that a band of jinn listened in, and said, ‘We have heard a wondrous Quran. It guides to rectitude, so we have believed in it; and we will never associate anyone with our Lord. And Exalted is the Majesty of our Lord—He never had a wife, nor a child. But the fools among us used to say nonsense about God.”

Or in another verse that says:
Recall when We dispatched towards you a number of jinn, to listen to the Quran. When they came in its presence, they said, “Pay attention!” Then, when it was concluded, they rushed to their people, warning them.
They said, “O our people, we have heard a Scripture, sent down after Moses, confirming what came before it. It guides to the truth, and to a straight path. O our people! Answer the caller to God, and believe in Him; and He will forgive you your sins, and will save you from a painful punishment.”

These entities resemble humans for their need to eat and drink, procreation and death, being subject to judgment they will either be condemned to heaven or hell according to their deeds.

As the Jinn were banished from heaven, they had no more right to listen/ know what the angels knew. The skies have been sealed for them hence they spend their life here on earth just like us till they die. This means that they could see and interact with the angels.

In the Bible it is mentioned that Salomon enslaved demons:
When a demon named Ornias harasses a young boy who Salomon knew, by stealing half of his pay and sucking out his vitality through the thumb on his right hand, Solomon received from the archangel Michael a ring with the seal of God after he prayed in the temple which will enable him to command the demons. Solomon lends the ring to the lad who, by throwing the ring at the demon Ornias, stamps him with the seal and brings him under control. Then Solomon orders the demon Ornias to take the ring and similarly imprint the prince of demons, Beelzebul. with him under his command, Solomon now has all of the demons at his bidding to build the temple……

The Quran speaks about Salomon too but in a different story in chapter 27:
16. And Solomon succeeded David. He said, “O people, we were taught the language of birds, and we were given from everything. This is indeed a real blessing.”

17. To the service of Solomon were mobilized his troops of jinn, and men, and birds—all held in strict order.

18. Until, when they came upon the Valley of Ants, an ant said, “O ants! Go into your nests, lest Solomon and his troops crush you without noticing.”

19. He smiled and laughed at her words, and said, “My Lord, direct me to be thankful for the blessings you have bestowed upon me and upon my parents, and to do good works that please You. And admit me, by Your grace, into the company of Your virtuous servants.”

20. Then he inspected the birds, and said, “Why do I not see the hoopoe? Or is he among the absentees?

21. I will punish him most severely, or slay him, unless he gives me a valid excuse.”

22. But he did not stay for long. He said, “I have learnt something you did not know. I have come to you from Sheba, with reliable information.

23. I found a woman ruling over them, and she was given of everything, and she has a magnificent throne.

24. I found her and her people worshiping the sun, instead of God. Satan made their conduct appear good to them, and diverted them from the path, so they are not guided.

25. If only they would worship God, who brings to light the mysteries of the heavens and the earth, and knows what you conceal and what you reveal.

26. God—There is no god but He, the Lord of the Sublime Throne.”

27. He said, “We will see, whether you have spoken the truth, or whether you are a liar.

28. Go with this letter of mine, and deliver it to them; then withdraw from them, and see how they respond.”

29. She said, “O Counselors, a gracious letter was delivered to me.

30. It is from Solomon, and it is, ‘In the Name of God, the Gracious, the Merciful.

31. Do not defy me, and come to me submissively.’”

32. She said, “O counselors, advise me in this matter of mine. I never make a decision unless you are present.”

33. They said, “We are a people of might and great courage, but the decision is yours, so consider what you wish to command.”

34. She said, “When kings enter a city, they devastate it, and subjugate its dignified people. Thus they always do.

35. I am sending them a gift, and will see what the envoys bring back.”

36. When he came to Solomon, he said, “Are you supplying me with money? What God has given me is better than what He has given you. It is you who delight in your gift.

37. Go back to them. We will come upon them with troops they cannot resist; and we will expel them from there, disgraced and humiliated.”

38. He said, “O notables, which one of you will bring me her throne before they come to me in submission?”

39. A strong jinn said, “I will bring it to you before you rise from your seat. I am strong and reliable enough to do it.”

40. He who had knowledge from the Book said, “I will bring it to you before your glance returns to you.” And when he saw it settled before him, he said, “This is from the grace of my Lord, to test me, whether I am grateful or ungrateful. He who is grateful, his gratitude is to his own credit; but he who is ungrateful—my Lord is Independent and Generous.”

41. He said, “Disguise her throne for her, and we shall see whether she will be guided, or remains one of the misguided.”

42. When she arrived, it was said, “Is your throne like this?” She said, “As if this is it.” “We were given knowledge before her, and we were submissive.”

43. But she was prevented by what she worshiped besides God; she belonged to a disbelieving people.

44. It was said to her, “Go inside the palace.” And when she saw it, she thought it was a deep pond, and she bared her legs. He said, “It is a palace paved with glass.” She said, “My Lord, I have done wrong to myself, and I have submitted with Solomon, to God, Lord of the Worlds.”

In early Jewish mythology, there are beings called Shedim, that resemble the Jinn. They’re invisible to human eyes but are subject to bodily desires, like procreating and the need to eat, and both may be malevolent or benevolent.

Christian demonology say that the mission of the demons is to induce humans to sin, often by testing/abandoning the faith in God, commit heresy or apostasy, remain or turn themselves Pagan or venerate “idols” (the Christian term for cult images), and gain the highest number of “Satans” or adversaries of God. (Ephesians 6:10-17):

10 Finally, be strong in the Lord and in his mighty power.
11 Put on the full armor of God, so that you can take your stand against the devil’s schemes.
12 For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms.
13 Therefore put on the full armor of God, so that when the day of evil comes, you may be able to stand your ground, and after you have done everything, to stand.
14 Stand firm then, with the belt of truth buckled around your waist, with the breastplate of righteousness in place,
15 and with your feet fitted with the readiness that comes from the gospel of peace.
16 In addition to all this, take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming arrows of the evil one.
17 Take the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.
18 And pray in the Spirit on all occasions with all kinds of prayers and requests. With this in mind, be alert and always keep on praying for all the Lord’s people.
19 Pray also for me, that whenever I speak, words may be given me so that I will fearlessly make known the mystery of the gospel,
20 for which I am an ambassador in chains. Pray that I may declare it fearlessly, as I should.

It is also said that demons torment people during their life or through possession (Matthew 17:15-16), or simply by showing themselves before persons to frighten them, or by provoking visions that could induce people to sin or to be afraid.

Demons can take any desired appearance, even that of an “angel of light” (2 Corinthians 11:13-15).

13. For such men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, masquerading as apostles of Christ.

14. And no wonder, for Satan himself masquerades as an angel of light.

15. It is not surprising, then, if his servants masquerade as servants of righteousness. Their end will be what their actions deserve.

Now that everything is explained, can you be sure that there isn’t a jinn standing right beside you now?

I’ve seen some YouTube videos on paranormal activities. I’m not sure that they’re all authentic. Nowadays we can easily manipulate any video. But surely there must be a few real ones among them.

My last thought on the topic is that, these fellow inhabitants might be living next to us or they might live in their own towns up in the sky. Apparently they are fast and can go anywhere from the ground to the top our earthly sky. They can be wherever they choose to. After all we don’t feel them. Nothing can stop them from tempting us, follow us or even repent and become good jinns.
The old saying remains, you can’t fear what you don’t see, perhaps that’s the reason why they’re so hidden.

The Theory of Fate – Update

Not many believe in the Day of Judgment. Of course not! We’re in the 21th century, we’re so sophisticated that we prefer to believe in what we have proof or in what we think make sense. “The story of ancient times” are too old for us to think about or to still believe in.

Wrong! The Holy Scriptures are never too old. All of them warn us about that Day where we’ll be judged for our deeds. Those who believe in this Event are divided in two groups, those who believe that we’ll attain the judgment with our bodies and those who believe that it will be with our souls only.

In my opinion, souls are not made of matter, hence they shouldn’t fear to be punished as nothing can harm them, they’re spirits after all.

Bodies are made of matter, they can feel the pain or the joys, so they can be rewarded or punished.
I am of those who believe that we’ll attain the judgment with our bodies.

If you’ve read this far, it means that you’re interested. Good! So now comes the interesting part.

You may have previously read my book The Theory of Fate where I’ve given detailed explanations on what the Holy Scriptures say about that Day, in accordance with what science says. And you probably remember that Volcanoes will be the source of the Apocalypse and the Day of Judgment.

Well, I have a little update to the book, which you won’t find in it because it takes a long time to edit and upload again. I preferred to add it here.
I’ve been reading randomly one of the Holy Scriptures; the Quran. And I’ve noticed something that I haven’t seen before. These verses:

28. Woe on that Day to the deniers.
29. “Proceed to what you used to deny.”
30. “Proceed to a shadow of three columns.”
31. Offering no shade, and unavailing against the flames.
32. It shoots sparks as castles.
33. As if they were bundles of rope (or “bright yellow cooper”).
34. Woe on that Day to the falsifiers.
35. This is a Day when they will not speak.
36. And they will not be allowed to apologize.
37. Woe on that Day to the rejecters.
38. This is the Day of Separation; We have gathered you, together with the ancients.

This sentence “Proceed to a shadow of three columns.” is the answer to a question I’ve mentioned in the book; how many Super Volcanoes will be active on the Day of Judgment. The answer is: three, simple as that.

But where exacly will they be?

The hotspots are the tunnels from where the magma gets out. As the Earth’s crust is in constant move, every few millions of years the hotspots change places. For instance, the Yellowstone which is in Wyoming, will be in the Pacific Ocean.

This is the picture of Pangea Ultima (the next super continent) I’ve found online.

These are the current super volcanoes location

If we locate all the super volcanoes on this map, they will be about here:

Three of these will be enough in the Day of Judgment.

But how many will there be for the End of The World?

Only God knows when the Apocalypse will be upon us. So let’s not forget what awaits us, because when that day comes, there is no coming back.

If you want to know more about what the Holy Scriptures and Science say about the Apocalypse, you can buy the book here.