The history of the alphabetic writing is an interesting topic which takes a lot of research to find the right answers. Most of these sentences have been taken from Wikipedia.
Most or nearly all alphabetic scripts used throughout the world today go back to the Semitic proto-alphabet. Its first origins can be traced back to a Proto-Sinaitic script developed in Ancient Egypt around 1700 BC to represent the language of Semitic-speaking workers in Egypt. Based on letter appearances and names, it is believed to be based on Egyptian hieroglyphs.
This script eventually developed into the Proto-Canaanite alphabet, which in turn was refined into the Phoenician alphabet. These early vowelless alphabets are called abjads, and still exist in scripts such as Arabic, Hebrew and Syriac.
Phoenician was the first major phonemic script. In contrast to two other widely used writing systems at the time, Cuneiform and Egyptian hieroglyphs, it contained only about two dozen distinct letters, making it a script simple enough for common traders to learn.
The Canaanite languages were spoken by the ancient Semitic people of the Canaan and Levant regions, (an area encompassing what are today Israel, Jordan, Sinai, Lebanon, Syria, the Palestinian territories, and also some fringe areas of southern Turkey and the northern Arabian peninsula). The Canaanite languages had ceased to be everyday spoken languages by the 1st millennium AD, but Hebrew remained in continuous use by many Jews since that period into medieval times as a liturgical language, as a literary language, and for commerce, until it was revived as an everyday spoken language in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and became the main language of the Jews of Palestine and later the State of Israel. Hebrew is the only living Canaanite language today.
The semitic alphabet came to existence mainly through Phoenician and Aramaic, two closely related members of the Semitic family of scripts that were in use during the early first millennium BCE, the Semitic alphabet became the ancestor of multiple writing systems across the Middle East, Europe, northern Africa and South Asia.
On the first side :
The Greek alphabet has been used since the late 9 BC or early 8 BC. It was derived from the earlier Phoenician alphabet, and was the first alphabetic script to have distinct letters for vowels as well as consonants. It is the ancestor of the Latin and Cyrillic scripts.
The Latin script is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world. It is a true alphabet which originated in the 7th century BC in Italy and has changed continually over the last 2500 years.
On the Second side :
Historically, there have been two separate Hebrew abjad scripts to write Hebrew:
The original, old Hebrew script, is known as the paleo-Hebrew alphabet. Like the Phoenician alphabet, the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet contains 22 letters, all of which are consonants, and is described as an abjad. It has been largely preserved, in a variant form, in the Samaritan alphabet.
The present “Jewish script” or “square script” to write Hebrew, on the contrary, is a stylized form of the Aramaic alphabet and was known by Jewish sages as the Ashuri alphabet since its origins were alleged to be from Assyria.
Arabic is a Central Semitic language, closely related to Aramaic, Hebrew, Ugaritic and Phoenician. Modern Standard Arabic is a distinct form and more conservative than all of its current spoken varieties and is the only official Arabic language. For decades, non-linguists thought Arabic and Hebrew were nearly the same. Especially Arabic speakers, who pronounce Hebrew as (Ebry) and Arabic as (Araby).
Arabic and Hebrew are very similar. An Arabic speaker, will easily notice the strong similarities between both languages if he listens to a Hebrew conversation. He will also start connecting pronunciation and the sounds to figure out how similar they are.
Another similarity is the shared vocabulary structure. Which dictates how verbs are conjugated.
These are some examples from the two languages to show how they are connected.
Boy , girl,Sun, peace, Day
Yeled, Bat,shems,Shallom, Yom
Walad, bent,shams, Salam, Yom
This is just an example , there are much more !
It is not awkward that God chose to send the Holy Scriptures to the Semitic people. They have similar languages and way of life.