Some passages of this post are of a speach of Dr.Z. Naik:
God is the Suprem Being and principal object of faith. The different points of view about God and the different attributes associated with him are what we call a religion. The various great world religions are in fact worshipping that one God, but through different, overlapping concepts or mental images of Him.
God is immaterial (i.e a kind of spirit), and is without gender, yet many religions describe God using masculine terminology, using such terms as “Him” or “Father”.
There are many names for God, and different names are attached to different cultural ideas about God’s identity and attributes. Some of these includes omniscience, omnipotence, omnipresence, omnibenevolent and all loving.
In the ancient Egyptian era of Atenism, this deity was called Aten, premised on being the one “true” Supreme Being and creator of the universe. In the Hebrew Bible, “He Who Is”, “I Am that I Am”, and the tetragrammaton YHWH are used as names of God, while Yahweh and Jehovah are sometimes used in Christianity as vocalizations of YHWH. In Christianity, God, is devided in three entities, which is called the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. In Judaism, it is common to refer to God by the titular names Elohim or Adonai. In Islam, the name Allah, “the God/Divinity” is used, while Muslims also have a multitude of names for God. In Hinduism, Brahman is often considered a monistic concept of God.
He is God ,The One and Only, God, the Eternal, Absolute. He begets not, nor is He begotten. And there is none like unto Him.
Our analysis of Concept of God in various Religion shows that monotheism is an integral part of every major religion of the world. However, it is unfortunate that some adherents of these religions violate the teachings of their own scriptures and have set up partners to Almighty God.
An analysis of the scriptures of various religions, reveals that all scriptures exhort mankind to believe in, and submit to One God. All these scriptures condemn the association of partners to God, or the worship of God in the form of images.
The Bible does not support the Christian belief in trinity at all. One of the scribes once asked Jesus as to which was the first commandment of all, to which Jesus merely repeated what Moses had said earlier:
“Shama Israelu Adonai Ila Hayno Adonai Ikhad.”
This is a Hebrew quotation, which means:
“Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord.”
[The Bible, Mark 12:29]
It is striking that the basic teachings of the Church such as Trinity and vicarious atonement find no mention in the Bible. In fact, various verses of the Bible point to Jesus’ actual mission, which was to fulfill the law revealed to Prophet Moses. Indeed Jesus rejected any suggestions that attributed divinity to him, and explained his miracles as the power of the One True God.
The following verse from the book of Deuteronomy contains an exhortation from Moses :
“Shama Israelu Adonai Ila Hayno Adna Ikhad”.
It is a Hebrew quotation which means:
“Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord”
[The Bible, Deuteronomy 6:4]
Unity of God in the Book of Isaiah
The following verses are from the Book of Isaiah:
“I, even I, am the Lord; and beside me there is no saviour.”
[The Bible, Isaiah 43:11]
“I am Lord, and there is none else, there is no God besides me.”
[The Bible, Isaiah 45:5]
“I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me.”
[The Bible, Isaiah 46:9]
Old Testament condemns idol worship in the following verses:
“Thou shalt have no other gods before me.”
“Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:”
“Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God.”
[The Bible, Exodus 20:3-5]
A similar message is repeated in the book of Deuteronomy:
“Thou shalt have none other gods before me.”
“Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that in the earth beneath, or that is in the water beneath the earth.”
“Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them; for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God.”
[The Bible, Deuteronomy 5:7-9]
The basis of religion is the acceptance of Divine guidance. A rejection of this guidance has serious implications for society.
The scriptures of all major religions exhort mankind to follow that which is good and eschew that which is evil. All scriptures remind mankind that good will not go unrewarded and evil will not go unpunished!
Many religions at some point believe, directly or indirectly, in the philosophy of anthropomorphism i.e. God becoming a human. Their contention is that Almighty God is so pure and holy that He is unaware of the hardships, shortcomings and feelings of human beings. In order to set the rules for human beings, He came down to earth as a human. This deceptive logic has fooled countless millions through the ages. Let us now analyze this argument and see if it stands to reason.
The Creator prepares the instruction manual:
Suppose I manufacture a video cassette recorder (VCR). Do I have to become a VCR to know what is good or what is bad for the VCR? What do I do? I write an instruction manual: “In order to watch a video cassette, insert the cassette and press the play button. In order to stop, press the stop button. If you want to fast forward press the FF button. Do not drop it from a height or it will get damaged. Do not immerse it in water or it will get spoilt”. I write an instruction manual that lists the various do’s and don’ts for the machine.
Similarly, our Lord and Creator need not take human form to know what is good or bad for the human being. He chooses to reveal the instruction manual through the Holy Scriptures.
If you allow me to compare human beings with machines, I would say humans are more complicated than the most complex machines in the world. Even the most advanced computers, which are extremely complex, are pale in comparison to the myriad physical, psychological, genetic and social factors that affect individual and collective human life.
The more advanced the machine, greater is the need for its instruction manual. By the same logic, don’t human beings require an instruction manual by which to govern their own lives?
God need not come down personally for giving the instruction manual. He chooses a man amongst men to deliver the message and communicates with him at a higher level through the medium of revelations. Such chosen men are called messengers and prophets of God.
Despite the absurdity of the philosophy of anthropomorphism, followers of many religions believe in and preach it to others. Is it not an insult to human intelligence and to the Creator who gave us this intelligence? Such people are truly ‘deaf’ and ‘blind’ despite the faculty of hearing and sight given to them by God.
The Qur’an says:
“Deaf, dumb, and blind,
They will not return (to the path).”
[Al-Qur’an, The Cow 2:18]
The Bible gives a similar message in the Gospel of Matthew:
“Seeing they see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.”
[The Bible, Matthew 13:13]
A similar message is also given in the Hindu Scriptures in the Rigveda.
“There maybe someone who sees the words and yet indeed does not see them; may be another one who hears these words but indeed does not hear them.” 1
All these scriptures are telling their readers that though the things are made so clear yet many people divert away from the truth.
Some may argue that God does not become a human being but only takes a human form. If God only takes a human form but does not become a human being, He should not possess any human qualities. We know that all the ‘God-men’, have human qualities and failings. They have all the human needs such as the need to eat, sleep, etc.
The worship of God in human form is therefore a logical fallacy and should be abhorred in all its forms and manifestations There is nothing whatever like unto Him.an
Let us put Jesus, to the test:
The first criterion is that “God is one and only one”. Is Jesus one and only? No! Jesus was one among the multitude of messangers.
The second criterion is, ‘God is absolute and eternal’. We know that Jesus was imprisoned and was going to be crucified. Jesus was thus, neither absolute nor eternal.
The third criterion is ‘He begets not, nor is He begotten’. We know that Jesus had a mother called Mary.
The fourth test, which is the most stringent is, “There is none like unto Him”. The moment you can imagine or compare ‘God’ to anything, then he (the candidate to divinity) is not God. It is not possible to conjure up a mental picture of God. We know that Jesus was a human being, having two eyes, two ears, a nose, and a mouth. Paintings and posters of Jesus are available in plenty. The moment you can imagine or draw a mental picture of an entity, then that entity is not God.
No vision can grasp Him, But His grasp is over All vision:
He is Above all comprehension, Yet is acquainted with all things.
Some polytheists argue by saying that the existence of more than one God is not illogical. Let us point out to them that if there were more than one God, they would dispute with one another, each god trying to fulfill his will against the will of the other gods. This can be seen in the mythology of the polytheistic and pantheistic religions. If a ‘God’ is defeated or unable to defeat the others, he is surely not the one true God. Also popular among polytheistic religions is the idea of many Gods, each having different responsibilities. Each one would be responsible for a part of man’s existence e.g. a Sun-God, a Rain-God, etc. This indicates that one ‘God’ is incompetent of certain acts and moreover he is also ignorant of the other Gods’ powers, duties, functions and responsibilities. There cannot be an ignorant and incapable God. If there were more than one God it would surely lead to confusion, disorder, chaos and destruction in the universe. But the universe is in complete harmony.
If there were, in the heavens
And the earth, other gods
Besides God, there would
Have been confusion in both!
But glory to God,
The Lord of the Throne:
(High is He) above
What they attribute to Him!”
“No son did God beget,
Nor is there any god
Along with Him: (if there were
Many gods), behold, each god
Would have taken away
What he had created,
And some would have
Lorded it over others!
Glory to God! (He is free)
From the (sort of) things
They attribute to Him!”
The attributes of Almighty God preclude any evil since God is the source of justice, mercy and truth. God can never be thought of as doing an ungodly act. Hence we cannot imagine God telling a lie, being unjust, making a mistake, forgetting things, or having any such human failings. Similarly God can do injustice if He chooses to, but He will never do it because being unjust is an ungodly act.
God can make mistakes if He wants to, but He does not make mistakes because making a mistake is an ungodly act. The moment God makes a mistake, he ceases to be God. God can forget if He wants to. But God does not forget anything because forgetting is an ungodly act, which reeks of human limitations and failings. God has power over all things.
To God belong the most beautiful names, each attribute of God is unique and possessed by Him alone which I will not mention here.
“Say: ‘Who is it that
Sustains you (in life)
From the sky and from the earth?
Or who is it that
Has power over hearing
And sight? And who
Is it that brings out
The living from the dead
And the dead from the living?
And who is it that
Rules and regulates all affairs?’
They will soon say, ‘God’.
Say, ‘Will you not then
Show piety (to Him)?’ ”
The greatest sin that God will never forgive: God forgives not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgives anything else, to whom He pleases; to set up partners with God Is to devise a sin most heinous indeed.
“And if all the trees on earth were pens
And the Ocean (were ink), with seven Oceans behind it
To add to its (supply), yet would not the Words
Of God be exhausted (In the writing): for God
Is Exalted in power, Full of Wisdom.”
God is not dependant on any person or thing, but all persons and things are dependant on Him.