What about… #20

Is cruelty part of the human nature?

I’ve finished reading the last book of Robin Hobb called Assassin’s Fate, which is the third book of the Fitz and the Fool triology about two weeks ago. And personally I hated a character named Dwalia for her cruelty upon a 10 year old girl (among other victims) and her hartless nature . This Dwalia made me think of all those human beings who suffered and still do by the hands of other beings. 

We all know the story of Cain and Abel, mentioned in the Holy Scripures. The Bible “Genesis”  4.2-16 tells us:

Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil. 3 In the course of time Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offering to the LORD. 4 And Abel also brought an offering—fat portions from some of the firstborn of his flock. The LORD looked with favor on Abel and his offering, 5 but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast. 6 Then the LORD said to Cain, “Why are you angry? Why is your face downcast? 7 If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must rule over it.” 8 Now Cain said to his brother Abel, “Let’s go out to the field.” While they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him. 9 Then the LORD said to Cain, “Where is your brother Abel?” “I don’t know,” he replied. “Am I my brother’s keeper?” 10 The LORD said, “What have you done? Listen! Your brother’s blood cries out to me from the ground. 11 Now you are under a curse and driven from the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. 12 When you work the ground, it will no longer yield its crops for you. You will be a restless wanderer on the earth.” 13 Cain said to the LORD, “My punishment is more than I can bear. 14 Today you are driving me from the land, and I will be hidden from your presence; I will be a restless wanderer on the earth, and whoever finds me will kill me.” 15 But the LORD said to him, “Not so ; anyone who kills Cain will suffer vengeance seven times over.” Then the LORD put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him. 16 So Cain went out from the LORD’s presence and lived in the land of Nod, east of Eden.

And in the Quran in the chapter “TheTable” 5: 27-32

27. And relate to them the true story of Adam’s two sons: when they offered an offering, and it was accepted from one of them, but it was not accepted from the other. He Said, “I will kill you.” He Said, “God accepts only from the righteous.”

28. “If you extend your hand to kill me, I will not extend my hand to kill you; for I fear God, Lord of the Worlds.”

29. “I would rather you bear my sin and your sin, and you become among the inmates of the Fire. Such is the reward for the evildoers.”

30. Then His soul prompted him to kill his brother, so he killed him, and became one of the losers.

31. Then God sent a raven digging the ground, to show him how to cover his brother’s corpse. He said, “Woe to me! I was unable to be like this raven, and bury my brother’s corpse.” So he became full of regrets.

32. Because of that We ordained for the Children of Israel: that whoever kills a person—unless it is for murder or corruption on earth—it is as if he killed the whole of mankind; and whoever saves it, it is as if he saved the whole of mankind. Our messengers came to them with clarifications, but even after that, many of them continue to commit excesses in the land.

We know the torture that was inflicted on thousands of people in the middle age, i.e burned, chopped, hanged, drowned… it’s almost the same today, but in hidden places where no one witness their atrocities (prisons, rituals, laws)

Some people enjoy seeing a person in pain, but why?  Is it a psychological disorder? Or do they feel more powerful? Here is what I’ve found on Wikipedia: Torture has been carried out or sanctioned by individuals, groups, and states throughout history from ancient times to modern day, and forms of torture can vary greatly in duration from only a few minutes to several days or longer. Reasons for torture can include punishment, revenge, political re-education, deterrence, coercion of the victim or a third party, interrogation to extract information or a confession irrespective of whether it is false, or simply the sadistic gratification of those carrying out or observing the torture. In other cases, the torturer may be indifferent to the condition of the victim. Alternatively, some forms of torture are designed to inflict psychological pain or leave as little physical injury or evidence as possible while achieving the same psychological devastation. The torturer may or may not kill or injure the victim, but sometimes torture results in a deliberate death and serves as a form of capital punishment. Depending on the aim, even a form of torture that is intentionally fatal may be prolonged to allow the victim to suffer as long as possible (such as half-hanging).

Research during the past 60 years, starting with the Milgram experiment, suggests that under the right circumstances, and with the appropriate encouragement and setting, most people can be encouraged to actively torture others.

John Conroy:

“When torture takes place, people believe they are on the high moral ground, that the nation is under threat and they are the front line protecting the nation, and people will be grateful for what they are doing.”

Unfortunately the human being is really complex, we can find the most kind and the most evil in the same city. And the worst of all is that, the first impression someone takes isn’t always what it is. We can’t judge a person by its garments. There is so much evil in this world that I personally don’t trust easily the people I meet. Probably most of us are good, but in this planet where the big fish eats the small one, it’s best to stay focused, so that we don’t get eaten easily. Probably it’s mean of me to think that way,  but it is the way I see the world. I believe that we all lack of Innocence, since our first father and mother, but the difference between us is who strives for the greater good and who doesn’t.

People of the Book – part 3

History of the Bible

Now concerning the authorized version which is the Vaticanus codex, each language has its own translation obviously, and their own versions. In English, the King James’ has been chosen as the good one.
John Wycliffe undertook the project to complete the first English translation of the Scripture in the 14th century. The Wycliffe Bible pre-dated the printing press was circulated very widely in manuscript form.
In 1525, William Tyndale, undertook a translation of the New Testament. Which was the first printed Bible in English. Over the next ten years, Tyndale revised his New Testament in the light of rapidly advancing biblical scholarship, and started translating the Old Testament. With these translations lightly edited and adapted by Myles Coverdale, in 1539, Tyndale’s work became the first “authorized version” issued by the Church of England during the reign of King Henry VIII.
In May 1601, King James VI of Scotland attended the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in Burntisland at which proposals were put forward for a new translation of the Bible into English. Two years later, he ascended to the throne of England as King James I.
The newly crowned King James convened the Hampton Court Conference in 1604. That gathering proposed a new English version in response to the perceived issues of earlier translations.
Instructions were given to the translators that were intended to limit the Puritan influence and designed to guarantee that the new version would conform to the ecclesiology of the Church of England. Certain Greek and Hebrew words were to be translated in a manner that reflected the traditional usage of the church. Such as the word “church” were to be retained and not to be translated as “congregation”. The new translation would reflect the episcopal structure of the Church of England.
James’ instructions included several requirements that kept the new translation familiar to its listeners and readers.

People of the book – part 2

History of the Bible

Old Testament

Genesis
The biblical scholars believe that the Torah was given its present after the Exode.

Exodus
The Genesis is cut into two major elements, the priestly and the non priestly material. The only thing agreed is that the Priestly source is post exilic

Leviticus
It is collected from all periods of Israel’s history. It is entirely from Priestly material that dates from the exilic/post exilic period.

Numbers
It is from an early Persian period (5th century BC)

Deuteronomy
Its date has been extended to the early part of the 6th century

New Testament

Gospel of Mathew
There are three strands of evidence that shows that it is from around 80-90 CE:
1/ The setting of Mathew reflects the separation of the Church and Synagogue about 85 CE
2/ It reflects the capture of Rome and destruction of the temple by the Romans in 70 CE
3/ It referred to Mark, usually dated around 70 CE, as a source

Gospel of Mark

As there is reference to persecution and to war in Judea, suggesting that it referred either to
Nero’s persecution of the Christians in Rome or the Jewish revolt it is estimated to be circa
60-70 CE

Gospel of Luke
There is evidence that it was still being substantially revised near the end of the 2nd century.

Gospel of John
The evidences show that the upper and lower part of the Gospel was known in the early 2nd
century on an internal reference to the expulsion of Christians from the synagogues. The overall
is circa 90-100 CE


The Aleppo Codex (c. 920 CE) and Leningrad Codex (c. 1008 CE) were the oldest Hebrew language manuscripts of the Tanakh before the discovery, in 1947 of the Dead Sea scrolls at Qumran. The earliest manuscripts of the Old Testament were in Greek such as Codex Vaticanus and Codex Sinaiticus.
There are over 5,800 complete or fragmented Greek manuscripts, 10,000 Latin and 9,300 in various other ancient languages including Syriac, Slavic, Gothic, Ethiopic, Coptic and Armenian. Parts of the New Testament manuscripts range from c. 125 the 15th century. The vast majority of these manuscripts date after the 10th century.

Every year, several New Testament manuscripts handwritten in the original Greek format are discovered.
The task of copying manuscripts was generally done by scribes. In the 6th century, a special room devoted to the practice of manuscript writing and illumination came into use, typically inside medieval European monasteries. Sometimes a group of scribes would make copies at the same time from the text..

The New Testament books seems to have been completed in the 1st century. The original manuscripts of the books have not survived, they were lost or destroyed a long before. These copies were made centuries after from other copies rather than from the originals.

The earliest manuscript has the size of a business card from the Gospel of John which dates to the first half of the 2nd century. The earliest complete copy of the New Testament, the Codex Sinaiticus dates to the 4th century.


There are a few differences between the manuscripts of the Sinaiticus and the Vaticanus:

It is not mentioned the story of the stoning of the adulterous woman “Let he who is without sin cast the first stone”.
Nor the words of Christ about his executioners from the cross: “Father forgive them for they know not what they do”.

And its Gospel of Mark ends abruptly omitting the 12 final verses.
Gospel of Matthew 12:47, 16:2b-3, 17:21, 18:11, 23:14, 24:35
Gospel of Mark 7:16, 9:44, 9:46, 11:26, 15:28, 16:9–20
Gospel of Luke 17:36
Gospel of John 5:4, (7:53–8:11), 16:15, 20:5b-6, 21:25
Acts of the Apostles 8:37; 15:34; 24:7; 28:29;
Epistle to the Romans 16:24
Some omitted phrases
Matthew 5:44 bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you
Matthew 6:13 For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.
Matthew 10:39a Ηe who finds his life will lose it,
Matthew 15:6 or (his) mother
Matthew 20:23 and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with
Mark 1:1 “the Son of God” omitted.

A large number of these differences are due to different variants in transcribing Hebrew names. These two manuscripts were not written in the same century.
So what if important verses concerning the end of times have been omitted?

Lourdes

The current municipal area of Lourdes was inhabited since the prehistoric times. The oppidum hill where today stands the fortress, as it is testified by the numerous finds came to light in the second half of the nineteenth century, remains of walls, fragments of citadel stood a pagan temple dedicated to the gods of water, whose buildings have come partially to light soon after the demolition of the parish of Saint Pierre. In the fifth century the temple was replaced by an early Christian church destroyed later because of a fire.

Little is known of Lourdes in the period from the barbarian invasions to the Carolingian period, when the town was part of the County of Bigorre. The fortress was at times the seat of counts and, during the Albigensian Crusade, it was the subject of disputes between various local lords. Ultimately it came under domination of the Counts of Champagne. In the fourteenth century Lourdes was first occupied by Philip the Fair, then, during the Hundred Years’ War, the English, who controlled it for nearly half a century, from 1360 to 1407, through some local feudal lords to their faithful, as Pierre Arnaud de Béarn and, later, his brother Jean de Béarn. The English were able to take advantage of the excellent strategic situation and the prosperity of a market that was born in the eleventh century, had been increasingly consolidated thanks to its proximity and good communications with Toulouse and Spain.

For 46 years, up until 778, Lourdes was possessed by Muslims of Al-Andalus. However, during the 8th century, Lourdes and its fortress became the focus of skirmishes between Mirat, the Muslim local leader, and Charlemagne, King of the Franks. Charlemagne had been laying siege to Mirat in the fortress for some time, but he had so far refused to surrender.
According to legend, an eagle unexpectedly appeared and dropped an enormous trout at the feet of Mirat. It was seen as such a bad omen that Mirat was persuaded to surrender to the Queen of the sky by the local bishop. He visited the Black Virgin of Puy to offer gifts, so he could make sure this was the best course of action and, astounded by its exceptional beauty, he decided to surrender the fort and converted to Christianity. On the day of his baptism, Mirat took on the name of Lorus, which was given to the town, now known as Lourdes.

During the late 16th century, France was ravaged by the Wars of Religion between the Roman Catholics and the Huguenots. In 1569, Count Gabriel de Montgomery attacked the nearby town of Tarbes when Queen Jeanne d’Albret of Navarre established Protestantism there. The town was overrun, in 1592, by forces of the Catholic League and the Catholic faith was re-established in the area. In 1607, Lourdes finally became part of the Kingdom of France.

The castle became a jail under Louis XV but, in 1789, the General Estates Assembly ordered the liberation of prisoners. Following the rise of Napoleon in 1803, he again made the Castle an Estate jail. Towards the end of the Peninsular War between France, Spain, Portugal, and Britain in 1814, British and Allied forces, under the Duke of Wellington, entered France and took control of the region and followed Marshall Soult’s army, defeating the French near the adjoining town of Tarbes before the final battle took place outside Toulouse on 10 April 1814 brought the war to an end.

Up until 1858, Lourdes was a quiet, modest, county town with a population of only some 4,000 inhabitants. The castle was occupied by an infantry garrison. The town was a place people passed through on their way to the waters at Barèges, Cauterets, Luz-Saint-Sauveur and Bagnères-de-Bigorre, and for the first mountaineers on their way to Gavarnie, when the events which were to change its history took place.

On 11 February 1858, a 14-year-old local girl, Bernadette Soubirous, claimed a beautiful lady appeared to her in the remote Grotto of Massabielle. This lady later identified herself as “the Immaculate Conception” and the faithful believe her to be the Blessed Virgin Mary. The lady appeared 18 times, and by 1859 thousands of pilgrims were visiting Lourdes. A statue of Our Lady of Lourdes was erected at the site in 1864.

Since the apparitions, Lourdes has become one of the world’s leading Catholic Marian shrines and the number of visitors grows each year. It has such an important place within the Roman Catholic church, that Pope John Paul II visited the shrine twice: on 15 August 1983, and 14–15 August 2004. In 2007, Pope Benedict XVI authorized special indulgences to mark the 150th anniversary of Our Lady of Lourdes.

Today Lourdes has a population of around 15,000, but it is able to take in some 5,000,000 pilgrims and tourists every season. With about 270 hotels, Lourdes has the second greatest number of hotels per square kilometre in France after Paris.

Yearly from March to October the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lourdes is a place of mass pilgrimage from Europe and other parts of the world. The spring water from the grotto is believed by some to possess healing properties.

An estimated 200 million people have visited the shrine since 1860, and the Roman Catholic Church has officially recognized 69 healings considered miraculous. Cures are examined using Church criteria for authenticity and authentic miracle healing with no physical or psychological basis other than the healing power of the water.

Tours from all over the world are organized to visit the Sanctuary. Connected with this pilgrimage is often the consumption of or bathing in the Lourdes water which wells out of the Grotto.

At the time of the apparitions the grotto was on common land which was used by the villagers variously for pasturing animals, collecting firewood and as a garbage dump, and it possessed a reputation for being an unpleasant place.


I’ve been here many times before (not for religious purposes) but I’ve never seen the town this empty of tourists, sick and disabled people. Usually all the religious shops are open, now it seems to be…desolated. Didn’t have time to make lots of pics so here is a video a little longer than usual 7mn.

The downfall

What would you say if someone told you that we’re sharing Earth with another form of life which is not part of the animal kingdom?

What would you say if I told you that we’re not the only living beings having knowledge on Earth?

How would you respond if I told you that you are being watched even if you’re alone?

No, I’m not going to speak about science fiction. I’m going to talk about a realm that existed and still exists on Earth well before Adam.

Some of you believe in ghosts, some don’t. Personally I don’t believe in “ghosts” as they’re intended to be. But I believe very much in an entity that might have known the person which was to be called “ghost”.

Hence this entity if willing, might very easily take the place of this deceased person for instance and makes us believe that he is that person’s spirit. Or just be a malevolent spirit if he wishes to.

This is just an example of course. I never witnessed a ghost and I’m not willing to meet one either.

I’ve made some research on this weird paranormal being who shares our world. I haven’t found any explanation on the scientific domain but I’ve found some on the Holy Scriptures.

This being who is not perceived by any of our 5 senses, neither by any sophisticated machines, has a few names and has a multitude of images according to the people’s imagination.

Spirt, demon, devil, ghost, Jinn…. Unfortunately as not being made of matter, it cannot be proven existent. We can only believe in this entity by trusting the word of God and by our own experience of the evil on this world.

Now, what I’m about to describe is what I’ve found on the 3 Holy Scriptures and my personal thoughts on the topic.

Let’s start from the beginning, shall we?

God created the Angels made of light. We can easily see that on movies talking about angels, they always end up by showing light somewhere in the movie. They’re not made of matter/particles hence they don’t have a gender yet some people expect of them to be females or babies.

God created another species which was originally pious and obedient like the angels made from smokless fire. Among them was lucifer/the devil. We can easily see the devil in most movies made of fire or turning into fire at the end. This species on the contrary can have ofsprings and can die. Nothing is said about their life’s span though. One thing for sure, the devil isn’t dead yet.

And finally Us, the humans made of clay. Apparently we have the shortest life span.

God says in the Quran:
I did not create the jinn and the humans except to worship Me.
I need no livelihood from them, nor do I need them to feed Me.
Those who do wrong will have their turn, like the turn of their counterparts, so let them not rush Me.
God is the Provider, the One with Power, the Strong

When God decided to creat the humans, He said to the angels, “I am creating a human being, from clay, from molded mud. When I have formed him, and breathed into him of My spirit, fall down prostrating before him.”
So the angels prostrated themselves, all together. Except for Satan. He refused to be among those who prostrated themselves.
God said, “O Satan, what kept you from being among those who prostrated themselves?”
He said, “I am not about to prostrate myself before a human being, whom You created from clay, from molded mud.”
God said, “Then get out of here, for you are an outcast. And the curse will be upon you until the Day of Judgment.”

As you can see, the devil isn’t a fallen angel, he never was. As angels are made of light and the devil made of fire. Angels were obedient while he wasn’t. Unfortunately for his species, lots followed his example:

God said to the angels, “Bow down to Adam.” So they bowed down, except for Satan. He was of the jinn, and he defied the command of his Lord. Will you take him and his offspring as lords instead of Me, when they are an enemy to you? Evil is the exchange for the wrongdoers.

Yes, we can find in the Quran that the devil is part of the Jinn ethnic group (if I may say so). It seems that he produced the downfall of his own kind as he did for ours.

And not all Jinns are bad either. Will tell you about it in a minute, but first let me explain how some people describe Jinns.

I’m sure that the first thought that comes to your mind is Aladin, right? You rub the lamp 3 times and hop! The jinn comes out asking you to make 3 wishes.

I like that Jinn. When I was small I tried to rub a lamp and see if one would come out, unfortunately he didn’t.
In the reality jinns can’t be seen or heard, they share our world (maybe in another dimension) they have the ability to see us, hear us and even tempt us. Hard to believe? Not so if you believe in God.

The word Jinn refers to any object that cannot be detected by human sensory organs, including Angels and Demons. Thus every Demon and every Angel is also a jinn, but not every Jinn is an Angel or a Demon. Jinns are related to heavenly beings, who is able to sin and created from fire, unlike their light-created counterpart.

The chapter 72 in the Quran speaks about them or maybe for them. As they can have faith too. The chapter starts like this:
Say, “It was revealed to me that a band of jinn listened in, and said, ‘We have heard a wondrous Quran. It guides to rectitude, so we have believed in it; and we will never associate anyone with our Lord. And Exalted is the Majesty of our Lord—He never had a wife, nor a child. But the fools among us used to say nonsense about God.”

Or in another verse that says:
Recall when We dispatched towards you a number of jinn, to listen to the Quran. When they came in its presence, they said, “Pay attention!” Then, when it was concluded, they rushed to their people, warning them.
They said, “O our people, we have heard a Scripture, sent down after Moses, confirming what came before it. It guides to the truth, and to a straight path. O our people! Answer the caller to God, and believe in Him; and He will forgive you your sins, and will save you from a painful punishment.”

These entities resemble humans for their need to eat and drink, procreation and death, being subject to judgment they will either be condemned to heaven or hell according to their deeds.

As the Jinn were banished from heaven, they had no more right to listen/ know what the angels knew. The skies have been sealed for them hence they spend their life here on earth just like us till they die. This means that they could see and interact with the angels.

In the Bible it is mentioned that Salomon enslaved demons:
When a demon named Ornias harasses a young boy who Salomon knew, by stealing half of his pay and sucking out his vitality through the thumb on his right hand, Solomon received from the archangel Michael a ring with the seal of God after he prayed in the temple which will enable him to command the demons. Solomon lends the ring to the lad who, by throwing the ring at the demon Ornias, stamps him with the seal and brings him under control. Then Solomon orders the demon Ornias to take the ring and similarly imprint the prince of demons, Beelzebul. with him under his command, Solomon now has all of the demons at his bidding to build the temple……

The Quran speaks about Salomon too but in a different story in chapter 27:
16. And Solomon succeeded David. He said, “O people, we were taught the language of birds, and we were given from everything. This is indeed a real blessing.”

17. To the service of Solomon were mobilized his troops of jinn, and men, and birds—all held in strict order.

18. Until, when they came upon the Valley of Ants, an ant said, “O ants! Go into your nests, lest Solomon and his troops crush you without noticing.”

19. He smiled and laughed at her words, and said, “My Lord, direct me to be thankful for the blessings you have bestowed upon me and upon my parents, and to do good works that please You. And admit me, by Your grace, into the company of Your virtuous servants.”

20. Then he inspected the birds, and said, “Why do I not see the hoopoe? Or is he among the absentees?

21. I will punish him most severely, or slay him, unless he gives me a valid excuse.”

22. But he did not stay for long. He said, “I have learnt something you did not know. I have come to you from Sheba, with reliable information.

23. I found a woman ruling over them, and she was given of everything, and she has a magnificent throne.

24. I found her and her people worshiping the sun, instead of God. Satan made their conduct appear good to them, and diverted them from the path, so they are not guided.

25. If only they would worship God, who brings to light the mysteries of the heavens and the earth, and knows what you conceal and what you reveal.

26. God—There is no god but He, the Lord of the Sublime Throne.”

27. He said, “We will see, whether you have spoken the truth, or whether you are a liar.

28. Go with this letter of mine, and deliver it to them; then withdraw from them, and see how they respond.”

29. She said, “O Counselors, a gracious letter was delivered to me.

30. It is from Solomon, and it is, ‘In the Name of God, the Gracious, the Merciful.

31. Do not defy me, and come to me submissively.’”

32. She said, “O counselors, advise me in this matter of mine. I never make a decision unless you are present.”

33. They said, “We are a people of might and great courage, but the decision is yours, so consider what you wish to command.”

34. She said, “When kings enter a city, they devastate it, and subjugate its dignified people. Thus they always do.

35. I am sending them a gift, and will see what the envoys bring back.”

36. When he came to Solomon, he said, “Are you supplying me with money? What God has given me is better than what He has given you. It is you who delight in your gift.

37. Go back to them. We will come upon them with troops they cannot resist; and we will expel them from there, disgraced and humiliated.”

38. He said, “O notables, which one of you will bring me her throne before they come to me in submission?”

39. A strong jinn said, “I will bring it to you before you rise from your seat. I am strong and reliable enough to do it.”

40. He who had knowledge from the Book said, “I will bring it to you before your glance returns to you.” And when he saw it settled before him, he said, “This is from the grace of my Lord, to test me, whether I am grateful or ungrateful. He who is grateful, his gratitude is to his own credit; but he who is ungrateful—my Lord is Independent and Generous.”

41. He said, “Disguise her throne for her, and we shall see whether she will be guided, or remains one of the misguided.”

42. When she arrived, it was said, “Is your throne like this?” She said, “As if this is it.” “We were given knowledge before her, and we were submissive.”

43. But she was prevented by what she worshiped besides God; she belonged to a disbelieving people.

44. It was said to her, “Go inside the palace.” And when she saw it, she thought it was a deep pond, and she bared her legs. He said, “It is a palace paved with glass.” She said, “My Lord, I have done wrong to myself, and I have submitted with Solomon, to God, Lord of the Worlds.”

In early Jewish mythology, there are beings called Shedim, that resemble the Jinn. They’re invisible to human eyes but are subject to bodily desires, like procreating and the need to eat, and both may be malevolent or benevolent.

Christian demonology say that the mission of the demons is to induce humans to sin, often by testing/abandoning the faith in God, commit heresy or apostasy, remain or turn themselves Pagan or venerate “idols” (the Christian term for cult images), and gain the highest number of “Satans” or adversaries of God. (Ephesians 6:10-17):

10 Finally, be strong in the Lord and in his mighty power.
11 Put on the full armor of God, so that you can take your stand against the devil’s schemes.
12 For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms.
13 Therefore put on the full armor of God, so that when the day of evil comes, you may be able to stand your ground, and after you have done everything, to stand.
14 Stand firm then, with the belt of truth buckled around your waist, with the breastplate of righteousness in place,
15 and with your feet fitted with the readiness that comes from the gospel of peace.
16 In addition to all this, take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming arrows of the evil one.
17 Take the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.
18 And pray in the Spirit on all occasions with all kinds of prayers and requests. With this in mind, be alert and always keep on praying for all the Lord’s people.
19 Pray also for me, that whenever I speak, words may be given me so that I will fearlessly make known the mystery of the gospel,
20 for which I am an ambassador in chains. Pray that I may declare it fearlessly, as I should.

It is also said that demons torment people during their life or through possession (Matthew 17:15-16), or simply by showing themselves before persons to frighten them, or by provoking visions that could induce people to sin or to be afraid.

Demons can take any desired appearance, even that of an “angel of light” (2 Corinthians 11:13-15).

13. For such men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, masquerading as apostles of Christ.

14. And no wonder, for Satan himself masquerades as an angel of light.

15. It is not surprising, then, if his servants masquerade as servants of righteousness. Their end will be what their actions deserve.

Now that everything is explained, can you be sure that there isn’t a jinn standing right beside you now?

I’ve seen some YouTube videos on paranormal activities. I’m not sure that they’re all authentic. Nowadays we can easily manipulate any video. But surely there must be a few real ones among them.

My last thought on the topic is that, these fellow inhabitants might be living next to us or they might live in their own towns up in the sky. Apparently they are fast and can go anywhere from the ground to the top our earthly sky. They can be wherever they choose to. After all we don’t feel them. Nothing can stop them from tempting us, follow us or even repent and become good jinns.
The old saying remains, you can’t fear what you don’t see, perhaps that’s the reason why they’re so hidden.

Gods of evil

The Aztecs were an ancient Mexican tribe. They had Gods according to their region. For instance in the north they had Tezcatlipoca, while in the east they had Tlaloc, etc…

The most important one for them was Huitzilopochtli who lived in the south. He was the great warrior god whose name meant “the hummingbird that comes from the south ” he was associated with the fire and underworld. Due to his ferocity he was very much worshipped. This god was born fully armed and immediately avenged all those who believed that his mother Coatlicue had become pregnant by dishonorable means. In fact his mother was like Mary, a very pious person. According to the tale, his mother lived the same story as Mary! She was in the temple when an Angel came to tell her that she was going to be pregnant…. Coatlicue was very important to the Aztecs, her name meant “mother of the gods”.

The other three gods have exotic stories too. Tezcatlipoca was the sun god, the one responsible for the harvest.

Quetzalcoatl was the western god who had many talents, patron of every art and craft and inventor of metalworking and a civilizing influence on humankind. unfortunately for him he was driven out by the other gods, he had to burn his house and hide is treasure before fleeing to the east. When the Spanish appeared on the Aztec lands, they were hailed as if it was the return of Quetzalcoatl.

And finally Tlaloc for which I’ve written this post.
In my opinion, Tlaloc was THE responisble for Quetzalcoatl resignation. I don’t know much about these rullers called gods, but something tells me that Quetzalcoatl was too peaceful and modern for his taste. Tlaloc could have easily made an aggrement with the other two to ban Quetzalcoatl from his land. Let me tell you why:
Tlaloc governed the mountains and water in all its form, he watered the earth with four vast jugs of liquid and each of these jugs symbolized growth, blight, frost and destruction. He was the god to whom most sacrifices were made. Horrifically, babies were purchased in order to be killed in his honor. The babies were cooked and eaten by the priests. The more the babies and children wept, the better the sacrifice was.

Can you imagine how many poor babies were tortured at that time? How can a human being be so cruel? Yes they were savages but they couldn’t be more savages than animals! Yet they were. No animal treat so savagely other animal’s babies.

Now what is this thing about worshipping the most fearful? We can find this reasoning even on Egyptian deities too. Why did they worship something they didn’t like/love, but fear? that’s insane! Worshipping out of fear is not worshipping, it is being hypocrite. It is a way to save its skin from something bad. If that god was so ruthless, warlike, insensitive, then why didn’t they fight it? It seems to be very reasonable to fight something malevolent which freightens us. Don’t you think?

Let’s look at this Egyptian god called Osiris, he was the god of nature, and of the dead. His sister was Isis who was also his queen. Osiris proved a civilizing influence, teaching his people the arts of agriculture and dissuading them from cannibalism. His ways were gentle and just, a lover of music who invented two different kinds of flute. His power spread far and wide his civilizing influence having a profound effect throughout Asia. Unfortunately he had an adopted brother called Anubis who was jealous and killed him. Actually he had cut his brother in fourteen parts!
His wife /sister Isis painfully reconstructed his body, as she knew the art of embalming (mummify) corpses.
Anubis invented the funeral rites when Osiris died. He was a master of mummification too hence Anubis symbolize his status as conductor of souls. Without mummification the soul of the dead can’t find his way. I think that’s why he divided his brother into fourteen parts, so that he couldn’t be mummified.

The History of mankind witness innumerable acts of evil in the name of a god or personal temptation. We’re in the 21th century but still, we’re not up to being proud to be Human. We aren’t civilized enough to be an example to other beings around the universe

What about #63

The history of the alphabetic writing is an interesting topic which takes a lot of research to find the right answers. Most of these sentences have been taken from Wikipedia.

Most or nearly all alphabetic scripts used throughout the world today go back to the Semitic proto-alphabet. Its first origins can be traced back to a Proto-Sinaitic script developed in Ancient Egypt around 1700 BC to represent the language of Semitic-speaking workers in Egypt. Based on letter appearances and names, it is believed to be based on Egyptian hieroglyphs.

This script eventually developed into the Proto-Canaanite alphabet, which in turn was refined into the Phoenician alphabet. These early vowelless alphabets are called abjads, and still exist in scripts such as Arabic, Hebrew and Syriac.

Phoenician was the first major phonemic script. In contrast to two other widely used writing systems at the time, Cuneiform and Egyptian hieroglyphs, it contained only about two dozen distinct letters, making it a script simple enough for common traders to learn.

The Canaanite languages were spoken by the ancient Semitic people of the Canaan and Levant regions, (an area encompassing what are today Israel, Jordan, Sinai, Lebanon, Syria, the Palestinian territories, and also some fringe areas of southern Turkey and the northern Arabian peninsula). The Canaanite languages had ceased to be everyday spoken languages by the 1st millennium AD, but Hebrew remained in continuous use by many Jews since that period into medieval times as a liturgical language, as a literary language, and for commerce, until it was revived as an everyday spoken language in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and became the main language of the Jews of Palestine and later the State of Israel. Hebrew is the only living Canaanite language today.

The semitic alphabet came to existence mainly through Phoenician and Aramaic, two closely related members of the Semitic family of scripts that were in use during the early first millennium BCE, the Semitic alphabet became the ancestor of multiple writing systems across the Middle East, Europe, northern Africa and South Asia.

On the first side :

The Greek alphabet has been used since the late 9 BC or early 8 BC. It was derived from the earlier Phoenician alphabet, and was the first alphabetic script to have distinct letters for vowels as well as consonants. It is the ancestor of the Latin and Cyrillic scripts.

The Latin script is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world. It is a true alphabet which originated in the 7th century BC in Italy and has changed continually over the last 2500 years.

On the Second side :

Historically, there have been two separate Hebrew abjad scripts to write Hebrew:

The original, old Hebrew script, is known as the paleo-Hebrew alphabet. Like the Phoenician alphabet, the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet contains 22 letters, all of which are consonants, and is described as an abjad. It has been largely preserved, in a variant form, in the Samaritan alphabet.

The present “Jewish script” or “square script” to write Hebrew, on the contrary, is a stylized form of the Aramaic alphabet and was known by Jewish sages as the Ashuri alphabet since its origins were alleged to be from Assyria.

Arabic is a Central Semitic language, closely related to Aramaic, Hebrew, Ugaritic and Phoenician. Modern Standard Arabic is a distinct form and more conservative than all of its current spoken varieties and is the only official Arabic language. For decades, non-linguists thought Arabic and Hebrew were nearly the same. Especially Arabic speakers, who pronounce Hebrew as (Ebry) and Arabic as (Araby).

Arabic and Hebrew are very similar. An Arabic speaker, will easily notice the strong similarities between both languages if he listens to a Hebrew conversation. He will also start connecting pronunciation and the sounds to figure out how similar they are.

Another similarity is the shared vocabulary structure. Which dictates how verbs are conjugated.
These are some examples from the two languages to show how they are connected.

English:
Boy , girl,Sun, peace, Day

Hebrew Pronunciation:
Yeled, Bat,shems,Shallom, Yom

Arabic Pronunciation:
Walad, bent,shams, Salam, Yom

This is just an example , there are much more !

It is not awkward that God chose to send the Holy Scriptures to the Semitic people. They have similar languages and way of life.